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S100 Notes for Test 3

S100 Notes for Test 3 - S100 Notes(Beginning after Test 2...

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S100 Notes (Beginning after Test 2) Samantha Snyder Kids and Poverty Kids in the US and Britain are worse off than kids in any other industrialized country Anderson, “The Code of The Street” o Black, inner-city poor kids o Code= norms for interpersonal behavior o Respect is a rare commodity in inner cities and it’s seen as “zero-sum” – your loss is my gain o Code concerns defense against a perceived loss of respect – being dissed o Code is largely defensive – it is needed to survive o “Decent” families (the majority) have middle-class values, are church-going, stably employed o “Street” families are lawless, aggressive, and cynical o Code originates with “street” kids, but “decent” kids also have to follow in order to survive o Code presents a façade designed to deter aggression through facial expressions, gait, language, and clothes Video 20/20: Waiting for the World to Change o Camden is considered the poorest city in the nation but New Jersey is the richest state in the nation o The children say that they do not want to die when they are teenagers, they put pillows over their head when they sleep so they don’t have to hear gun shots o The children don’t get to go to school and can’t read, some adults can’t even read, many elder people use drugs o The murder rate is 7 times the national rate o The average income is $18,000, jobs are hard to come by o 58% of the children living in Camden live below the poverty line o Poor kids in Camden, New Jersey o Why the kids are poor: fatalism- the bad luck to be born in a poor family o Look for the following reasons why their families are poor: Individualist Drug use, alcoholism, inability to hold a job Structuralist Job loss in the community, availability of drugs, lack of affordable house Fatalist Parents were born into poor families themselves Poverty: What Can Be Done? Individual-Level Solutions
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o Big brothers/Big sisters Structural Solutions o 1) By government Establish a “living wage” to ensure a “quality standard of living” Bloomington has a living wage of $10/hour for city employees o 2) By nongovernment organizations (NGOs) Teach for America – National teacher corps to create equal educational opportunity Founded by Wendy Kopp o 3) By poor communities themselves Holding Ground: Rebirth of Dudley Street The Time Bind In a previous book, The Second Shift , Hochschild found that in most 2 job families, women do most of the childcare/housework – what she called the 2 nd shift But also found less and less time available in the 2 nd shift In Time Bind , studied the workplace to see WHY there was less time at home Some changes over time in family and work o In 1955, 27% of women with kids age 18 and younger were employed, today 70.7% are o The Overworked American by Juliet Schor found Americans- both men and women, working more hours o Vacations are shorter o Family life is less relaxed because people have less time and
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