ai-prolog1 - Artificial Intelligence Introduction 1 What is...

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1 Artificial Intelligence Introduction
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2 What is AI? Various definitions: Building intelligent entities. Getting computers to do tasks which require human intelligence. But what is “intelligence”? Simple things turn out to be the hardest to automate: Recognising a face. Navigating a busy street. Understanding what someone says. All tasks require reasoning on knowledge.
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3 Why do AI? Two main goals of AI: To understand human intelligence better. We test theories of human intelligence by writing programs which emulate it. To create useful “smart” programs able to do tasks that would normally require a human expert.
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4 Who does AI? Many disciplines contribute to goal of creating/modelling intelligent entities: Computer Science Psychology (human reasoning) Philosophy (nature of belief, rationality, etc) Linguistics (structure and meaning of language) Human Biology (how brain works) Subject draws on ideas from each discipline.
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5 Typical AI Problems Intelligent entities (or “agents”) need to be able to do both “mundane” and “expert” tasks: Mundane tasks - consider going shopping: Planning a route, and sequence of shops to visit! Recognising
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ai-prolog1 - Artificial Intelligence Introduction 1 What is...

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