crt_205_appendix_e[1] - Axia College Material Appendix E...

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Axia College Material Appendix E Critical Analysis Forms Fill out one form for each source. Source 1 Title and Citation: Marijuana Is Not a Gateway to Other Addictive Drugs “Marijuana Is Not a Gateway to Other Addictive Drugs.” Opposing Viewpoints: Addiction . Louise I. Gerdes. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2004. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center . Gale. Apollo Library. 21 Aug. 2009 1 Identify the principal issue presented by the source. The principle issue of the article is that marijuana is not a gateway to other addictive drugs. 2 Identify any examples of bias presented by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. I do not see bias writing in the article, however, the author’s tone is evident, and “the opposing position is wrong” is clear but unwritten. 3 Identify any areas that are vague or ambiguous. If none exist, explain how you determined this. An area of vagueness that I found in the article is “The chances of regularly using hard drugs after trying marijuana are small. In fact the chances of regularly using marijuana are small.” These two sentences are too vague, there is no supporting information to these claims, how small is small? 4 Do you find the source credible? Explain your reasoning. I do not have issue with the credibility of the author, a professor of psychology at the University of Southern California and an author on the subject matter. 5 Identify and name any rhetorical devices used by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. The author uses a rhetorical comparison stating “Even if every heroin addict used marijuana first, that fact alone would not prove that marijuana caused heroin addiction. They all ate bread before their heroin addiction, but nobody has called bread the gateway drug.” 6 Identify and name any fallacies used by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. The author uses a dysphemism by stating, “they don’t shoot their friends with handguns.” In order to be less dramatic, the author could have stated the same thing differently, for example, “gun violence does not increase.” CRT 205
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7 State one argument made by the author. “Mitch Earleywine contends that most people who try marijuana never use hard drugs. Moreover, evidence shows that some who use hard drugs such as heroin did not use marijuana first, which means marijuana could not have caused them to use these drugs, he concludes.” 8 Identify the premises and conclusion of the argument. Premises –
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crt_205_appendix_e[1] - Axia College Material Appendix E...

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