great britain poli sci140

great britain poli sci140 - Lauren Kobrick September 11,...

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Lauren Kobrick Political Science 140 September 11, 2010 Politics in Britain, 153-172 Almond I. Old Democracy A. England’s Past 1. Medieval – monarch ruled France and Ireland 2. End 15 th century a. Abandoned France b. Control of Wales and Scotland 3. 17 th cent rule of law, 18 th cent accountability of the executive to Parliament, 19 th cent national political parties, 20 th cent – everyone votes B. Policy Challenges Facing Britain 1. Britain and Trade a. Open up to international trade – pound 2. Health care, division of economic growth, environmental issues 3. Multiculturalism- Blair Government 4. Blair & Iraq a. Exaggerated reasons for going into Iraq b. Millions of dollars to approve his political campaigns C. Political Parties 1. Labour Party & Gordon Brown a. Blair retired in the middle of Parliament – Brown controls Labour Party 2. Conservative Party – David Cameron a. To move the party from its Thatcherism base to the political center – seeking support from advocates of the environment, gay rights, and other liberal issues 3. Liberal Democratic Party – Menzies Campbell a. Closest approximation to a “left” party b. Raise taxes for more money for health, education, and environmental programs c. Attacks govt proposals that encroach on civil liberties d. Only major party to oppose the Iraq War 4. Conservative Party
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a. Struggle to win an absolute majority of seats in the House of Commons D. Where does Britain belong? 1. Empire Commonwealth = a free association of 54 sovereign states with members on every continent (post WWII) E. European Union 1. Established in 1957, Britain did not join until 1973 2. European Market enables the EU to impose regulations affecting GB businesses and limiting the govt 3. Commitment is limited II. The Environment of Politics A. One Crown but 5 Nations 1. United Kingdom a. Great Britain = England, Scotland, and Wales i. Wales – joined with England in the 16 th century ii. Scotland – 1707 Act of Union – common parliament and monarch for all of GB iii. Northern Ireland – 6 counties of Ulster b. Union = a political system having only one source of authority c. Distinct administrative institutions exist in Scotland and Wales d. Different nationalities 2. The Scottish Parliament a. 1999 – powers to legislate, tax, and spend b. 129 seat parliament – elections “first past the post” and proportional rep c. Scottish National Party – wants a national referendum 3. Welsh Assembly (60 seats) a. Labour Party b. No demand for a referendum on independence and powers 4. Northern Ireland a. Un-English part b. Protestants (3/5) want to remain a part of the UK c. Catholic minority wants to leave the UK and join the Republic of Ireland d. Irish Republican Army – began a military campaign to remove Northern Ireland from the UK
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e. 1994 – IRA cessation of military activity f. Good Friday Agreement – opposite of British government practice (power sharing) – gives leaders of a party commanding a majority in the Commons the right to form a
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This note was uploaded on 01/22/2011 for the course PS 140 taught by Professor Inglehart during the Fall '10 term at University of Michigan.

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great britain poli sci140 - Lauren Kobrick September 11,...

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