Iran review - Political Science Final Review Semester 1-I...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Political Science Final Review Semester 1-I ngelhert Mexico A. Beginnings/Native American/Pre 1910 Revolution 1) Spanish Conquest ruined the Aztec Empire (diseases, 20 mil 1mil, religious conversions, unequal society) 2) 1833-1855 = dictatorship, 36 presidents, assassinations, war in Texas, war vs US 3) Pofirio Diaz (1871-1911) a) Modernize to stand up to the US b) Goal = science and technology, cientificos (experts from Europe) c) Top down, Middle class frozen out, power in a group of small elite 4) Agrarian Society a) Landowning class vs. exploited masses = inequality b) Peasants are at subsitence level, surplus to land owners c) Everyone at mercy of the upper class, authoritarian landed elite have no desire to industrialize 5) Social Revolution of 1910 a) Francisco Modero and middle class reformers influenced by ordinary people b) 1910-1924 = chaotic struggle (2 million die, all leaders killed) c) 1924-1934 = War-lords/general rule (Plutarco Calles) d) 1927-1929 = Cristero Rebellion Church vs. State (church w/ land owners decrease influence of roman catholic church and Spanish elite) B. Party of National Revolution I nstitutional Revolutionary Party = PR I 1) Coalition of military leaders ended dominance by Spanish elite 2) Legitimized native American culture 3) Emphasize pre-spanish Aztec empire 4) Stability = st rong central government w/ president absolute power, 6 year fixed term, no re-election, circulat ion of elite, democrat ic symbols of election, 1 party always won, oligarchy, pat ronage 5) redist ribute land 6) masses in polit ics marx inspired C. Why the PRI lasted? 1) Economically a) 1940-1980 economic growth: 7% per year, double nat ional income every decade b) NAFTA = mexico in north American market c) Top 15 economies in the world 2) Popular revolut ion with high let igamacy a) Mest izo majority, loyal mass base, well organized inside elites b) Replaced coups with elections 3) Low class conflict social reform, economic protection, maintain loyality of farmers, co-opted land a) Emphasis on Indian heritage b) Large farms were dismant led and landowners were forced out communal land holding policy 4) Secured opposit ion a) Army = tool of upper class 5) Corrupt ion a) Technocrat rule current president chooses the next, recirculat ion of elites, pat ronage, unchecked power D. Fall of the PRI 1) 1988 PRI no majority, 1990 PAN representat ion, 1994 PRI 50.4% president election, 1996- PRI lost majority in chamber of deput ies, 2000- PAN won 43%, 2006- Calderon (PAN, conservat ive) = chief of govt and state (vs. Lopez Obrador of PRD, left liberal) 2) Why 90s = corrupt ion, young technocrats respect democracy, internat ional pressures, Zedillo = elect ronic voting cards embraced democracy E. Mexico Legislature Today 1) President: elected nat ionally by simple plurality, appoints cabinet, constraints on power, nom inates 3 members to SC (approved by senate), one term a) Meta-constitut ional powers: more powers than specified in...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 01/22/2011 for the course PS 140 taught by Professor Inglehart during the Fall '10 term at University of Michigan.

Page1 / 10

Iran review - Political Science Final Review Semester 1-I...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online