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poli sci 140 final review

poli sci 140 final review - Political Science Final Review...

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Political Science Final Review Sheet 1. Achievements of PRI: legitimized NA culture, emphasis pre Spanish Aztec empire, ended domination by Spanish elite, strong central government with absolute power in a president, economic growth (7% per year), NAFTA, low class conflict, secured opposition, elections, land reform 2. Akihito : current emperor of Japan, 3. Ayatollah Khameni – 1981, Khameni = Iran president, reform candidate, normalize relations with west and the US 4. Ayatollah Khomeini – Iran, 1979 denounced secular role and becomes “Imam” of Muslim world = supreme leader 5. Barrington Moore’s Theory : the elite that shapes modernization determines the regime a. Democracy = bourgeoisie take over from landed elite b. Fascism = landed elite remains senior partner c. Communism = MC fails to develop sufficiently to challenge aristocracy – premature revolution lead by intellectuals with peasant mass base 6. Bharativa Janata Party (BJP): in India National Hindu Party – extremist appeal, liberalization of economy, decrease ethnic conflict, market economy religious right party, Muslims = second class citizens, want to unify all Hindus a. 2004 – holds 138 seats in the Lok Sabha b. Hindu nationalism 7. Bolshevik: Communist party in Russia (1905) – Lenin Communism, disciplined by Vanguard of the Proletariat a. Bolshevik Revolution: 1905, communist party controlled all levels of government b. Organized, disciplined 8. Boris Yelstin: Russia president of the Russian Federation – direct, popular, competitive election from 1992-2000 Transition period a. Market based economy, -14% growth rate – depression, hyperinflation, devaluation of currency, break up of USSR,
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growing privatization (masses run companies), oligarchs built up fortunes by buying stock and assets in the world b. 1993 = constitution, move to democracy semi presidential with PM and president, federal system, multi party system (left and right), parliament’s approval, c. Western leaders for economic transformation 9. Bourgeoisie: the middle/working class, an essential part in industrialization and the Barrington Moore Thesis 10. Bureaucracy: rule from an office – make up 1 composition, needed for an effective democracy or government a. Specialized departments that implement legislation and are an intermediate between elites and the masses b. Responsible to the government – merit based exams, keep records, large in a welfare state 11. Chechnya: a part of Russia that wants independence a. Bloody conflict b. Muslim majority and see themselves as ethically different than the rest of Russia (Chechnya’s rebels), armed resistance to fight Russian forces c. Putin took a hard stand towards rebels – act of terrorism in Russia and demand to be an independent state 12. Chinese Communist Party (CCP): power in 1927 when defeated the KMT – Mao = leader a. Reds > experts – Mao’s communism = premature peasant based movement, success = triumph of ideology b. Principles: guardianship = vanguard party = hierarchy of democratic centralism, mass line = leaders keep in touch with
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