SPANISH 275 FINAL REVIEW

SPANISH 275 FINAL REVIEW - SPANISH 275 F I NAL REV IEW...

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Unformatted text preview: SPANISH 275 F I NAL REV IEW Preterite occurs at an exact second theres a beginning and an end ALWAYS completed action I met, made the acquaintance of conoc it cost (after purchasing) cost I was able to (and did) pude I tried (but couldnt) no pude I tried to quise I refused, would not no quise I learned, found out supe I had, received tuve I had to (and did it) tuve que Imperfect UNKNOWN when action begins or ends continuous event descriptive (emotional, mental, or physical states in past) equivalent of English past progressive ( was, were + -ing) time in the past I knew, I was acquainted with conoca it cost (before purchasing) costaba I could, was able to (I was in a position to) poda I was not able to, could not no poda I wanted to, desired to quera I didnt want to no quera I knew, knew how to, had knowledge that saba I had (in my possession) tena I had to (but did not necessarily do it) tena que Soler = to be in the habit of-present generally / usually ex: Solemos estudiar antes de un examen. We generally (usually) study before a test- imperfect used to ex: Antes solamos ir mucho al cine, pero ahora vamos poco. We used to go to the movies a lot before but now we seldom go **no preterite! Acabar de-present have (has) just (done something) ex: Acaban de recibir el paquete que les envi They have just received the package I sent them-imperfect had just (done something) ex: Acabbamos de salir cuando empez a llover We had just left when it began to rain Por poco + present tense = almost + past tense of verb ex: Al volver a verlo por poco me desmayo Upon seeing him again I almost fainted Time Vocab : 1. time (in general reference)= tiempo ex: Hace mucho tiempo que no conozco a Luisito I have know Luisito for a long time 2. time (on the clock) = hora ex: A qu hora llegaste a casa anoche? At what time did you get home last night? 3. time (to indicate occasion or frequency)= vez/veces ex: He estado en Mxico solo una vez I have been to Mexico only once at the same time al mismo tiempo/ a la vez old-fashioned, behind the times anticuado on time a tiempo at times a veces from time to time de vez en cuando/ de cuando en cuando to tell time decir la hora in no time, at once en muy poco tiempo/ en seguida time of life edad daylight savings time hora de verano our times nuestra poca to have a good /bad time pasar un bueno/mal rato times (multiplied by) por to be time to ser hora de time after time, over and over again una y otra vez it is (was) about time ya es (era) hora Ser to be DOTS ( D escription, O rigin/ O wnership/ O ccupation, T ime, S er) relatively permanent characteristics or descriptions used in the passive voice Estar to be FLESH ( F eelings, L ocation, E star, S tate/condition, H ealth) temporary conditions combined with present participle (-ando, -iendo) to form present progessive tense -ING ex: Estuvimos ensayando todo el da...
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SPANISH 275 FINAL REVIEW - SPANISH 275 F I NAL REV IEW...

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