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Test 2 review - Sociology Sociology Research*Dependent...

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Sociology Sociology Research *Dependent Variable: the thing that will be influenced by other things-it changes depending on other things (reaction of the passerby)-outcome *Independent Variable: the thing that isn’t influenced by other things *Intervening variables: we think its one thing but there is stuff in between Do any of these things seem to affect the outcome? Theory ↔Research Action Sociological Theory Asks the Big Questions: What is society? What causes social change? Why is there injustice/inequality? How is the individual related to others How does one approach the study of society (sociology)? The Original Schools Conflict Functionalism Symbolic Interaction And Views the Original Schools Missed Race and Gender Social Action Also studied as SOCIAL MOVEMENTS How does intentional change occur in society? What are some important models of social change? RESEARCH: What is it? an attempt to develop knowledge based on “empirical” – evidence from the real world Surveys- experiments: lab/field experiments Quantitative Research Qualitative Research (ethnography) Participant Observer Life history/oral history Case study
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EXERCISE: We are going to study “THE DIAG.” What is a theory: hypothesis-an idea you have usually an explanation that is not yet proven. We have a lot more theories then we have principles or proofs-once you have a theory you can try to come up with some ideas for conducting research to prove or disprove the theory. Ex: individuals have infinite power to change How might we test that-hard to test McGinn easier to disprove that Theory  research ACTION Sometimes research gives rise to other theories Action: attempts to change Sociology is the blueprint for social work- the theory and research we come up with provide info for ppl who want to change IRB-instutional review board-drugs Study-avoid doing anything that would make us have to talk to the irby people Enlightenment/“Proto-Sociology Marx Factors that Led to the Emergence of Sociology *INTELLECTUAL *ECONOMIC *SOCIAL *POLITICAL Factors that Led to the Emergence of Sociology INTELLECTUAL The Enlightenment (1700s) The Counter- Enlightenment (end of 1700s) Differentiation of Social Sciences within the University Enlightenment: science progress individual Individual is capable of making decisions based on the knowledge that science gives them-carries over 1700s to 1800s The counter-enlightenment: too much individual= anarchy! Keep institutions! Preserve the church and the government Differentiation of Social Sciences within the University-history, economics, psychology, anthropology-ppl who were studying society were beginning to get more specific about
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their approach and the order in which those approaches emerged is here…history- economics-psychology-anthropology…soc is the last baby in this family to be born Were getting more specific approaches to studying humanity Economic Expansion of Commerce and Markets Industrialization
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