Lilenfield 407-417 - Lilenfield P 407-417 1. Cognitive...

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Lilenfield P 407-417 1. Cognitive development (407): how children learn, think, reason, communicate, and remember 1. Piaget: stage theorist : children’s development is marked by radical reorganizations of thinking followed by understanding of the world 1. Constructivist theory (408): Piaget’s theoretical perspective that children construct an understanding of their world based on observations of the effects of the behaviors 2. End point of cognitive development is achieving the ability to reason logically about hypothetical problems 3. Equilibration: maintaining a balance between our experience in the world and our thoughts about it 1. Two “adjustment” processes 1. Assimilation (409): Piagetian process of absorbing new experience into current knowledge structures 1. Ex. Earth is flat, learns in school Earth is round. Pictures a flat disk shaped like a coin—reinterprets new experiences to fit into what she already knows 2. Accommodation (409): Piagetian process of altering a belief to make it more compatible with experience 1. Forces child to enter a new way of looking at the world 4. Stages of Development 1. Sensorimotor stage (409): stage in Piaget’s theory characterized by a
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2011 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Lilenfield 407-417 - Lilenfield P 407-417 1. Cognitive...

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