Lilenfield Chapter 7 - Lillenfeld Chapter 7 1. True story...

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Lillenfeld Chapter 7 1. True story (memory) 1. Hyperthymestic syndrome: memory that’s too good 2. Guided imagery: therapists ask clients to imagine past events 3. Hypnotic age regression: therapists use hypnosis to “return” clients to the psychological state of childhood 4. We are our memories 5. Dissociative identity disorder (DID): aka multiple personality disorder 1. Alters: existence of “alter” personalities 2. Memory (275): retention of information over time 1. Paradox of memory: our memories are surprisingly good in some situations and surprisingly poor in others 1. The same memory mechanisms that serve us well in most circumstances can sometimes cause us problems in others 2. Infantile autism: memories of a small subset of individuals 1. Most autistic individuals lack specialized memory abilities 3. Calendar calculator: can remember what day of the week a date is 2. Fallibility of Memory 1. Suggestive memory techniques (276): procedures that encourage patients to recall memories that may or may not have taken place 2. Memory illusion (276): a false but subjectively compelling memory 1. Like optical illusions 2. Most memory illusions are by-products of our brain’s generally adaptive tendency to go beyond the information it has as its disposal 3. Representativeness heuristic : we simplify things to make them easier to remember 3. Reconstructive nature of memory 1. Actively reconstruct: when we try to recall an event, our memories use the cues and information available to us 2. Passively reproduce: ex. Downloading information from a web page 3. Observer memory : a memory in which we see ourselves as an outsider observer would. Proof that at least some of our memories are reconstructive (by Freud) 4. Field memory : pictured the scene as you would have seen it through your eyes 4. 3 systems of memory 1. Span (278): how much information a memory system can retain 2. Duration (278): length of time for which a memory system can retain information 2. Sensory memory (278): brief storage of perceptual information before it is passed to short-term memory 1. Raw materials of our experiences, our perceptions of the world 2. Helpful system to process incoming sensations 1. Allows us to “fill in the blanks” in our perceptions 2. Psychologists believe each sense has its own form of sensory memory 1. Iconic memory (278): sensory memory that applies to vision. Only last for a second 3. Method of partial report: in an experiment, only reciting back one line 4. Eidetic imagery: aka photographic memory. Can hold visual image in their minds with such clarity that they can describe it perfectly 5. Echoic memory (279): auditory sensory memory. Lasts 5-10 sec 3. Short-term memory (279): aka working memory. Memory system that retains information for limited durations 1. Workplace where construction happens 2. Duration of short term memory 1. Lloyd and Margaret Peterson
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1. Around 10-15 seconds 3. Decay: fading of information from memory. The longer we wait, the less is
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Lilenfield Chapter 7 - Lillenfeld Chapter 7 1. True story...

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