Lilenfield Chapter 14

Lilenfield Chapter 14 - Lilenfield Chapter 14 Personality...

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Lilenfield Chapter 14 Personality 1. Personality 1. Outcome of causal influences: genetics, intrauterine, parenting, peer influences, life stressors, and luck 2. Fundamental attribution error: tendency to attribute too much of others’ behavior to their personalities and not enough to the situations they confront 3. Traits (579): relatively enduring predispositions that influence our behavior across many situations 1. Ex. Introversion, aggressiveness, and conscientiousness 4. Ways to study personality 1. Nomothetic approach (579): approach to personality that focuses on identifying general laws that govern the behavior of all individuals. Attempts to derive principles that explain the thinking, emotions, and behaviors in all people 2. Idiographic approach (579): approach to personality that focuses on identifying the unique configuration of characteristics and life history experiences within a person 5. Causes of personality differences 1. Genetic factors 1. Twins do not have the same exact personality—shows there’s more than just genes environmental factors 2. Shared environmental factors 1. Plays little or no role in adult personality 3. Nonshared environmental factors 1. Ex. Birth order 2. Psychoanalytic Theory 1. Somatogenic (584): physiologically caused 1. Freud thought of mental disorders as somatogenic 2. “Grande hysteria”: physical symptoms of paralyses of the arms and legs, faiting spells, seizures, false pregnancies, pseudocyesis 3. Glove anesthesia: loss of sensation in the arm 2. Catharsis (585): feeling of relief following a dramatic outpouring of emotion 1. Patients recollections of early trauma were accompanied by a catharsis 3. Psychogenic (585): psychologically caused 1. Concluded that mental disorders weren’t somatogenic, but psychogenic 4. Psychic determinism (585): the assumption that all psychological events have a cause 1. Ex. Dreams, neurotic symptoms, and “Freudian slips” 5. Unconscious motivation:
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2011 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Lilenfield Chapter 14 - Lilenfield Chapter 14 Personality...

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