FINAL STUDY GUIDE - Psych 270 Exam #2 Study Guide Chapters...

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Psych 270 Exam #2 Study Guide Chapters 7,8,9,10,11,12 Chapter 7: Dissociation and the Dissociative Disorders Dissociation – a significant disruption in one’s conscious experience, memory, sense of identity or any combination of the three, without a physical cause Four Different Dissociative Disorders: 1. Depersonalization disorder – persistent and distressing feeling of being detached from one’s mind or body; during the period the person is not psychotic and knows what is real and not real 2. Dissociative amnesia – psychogenic loss of ability to recall important personal information, usually of a traumatic or stressful nature a. Localized amnesia – loss of memory for all of the events that occurred within a circumscribed period of time b. Selective amnesia – loss of memory for some, but not al, of the events from a specific period of time c. Generalized amnesia – loss of memory for events and information, including information pertaining to personal identity, from the time both before and after traumatic event d. Continuous amnesia – loss of memory that begins at a specific time, continues through to the present, and prevents the retention in memory of new experiences e. Systematized amnesia – the loss of memory for a certain category of information, such as memories related to a particular person 3. Dissociative fugue – sudden and unexpected travel away from home accompanies by forgetting of one’s past and personal identity 4. Dissociative identity disorder – presence of two or more distinct personalities or identity states that recurrently control an individual’s behavior a. Debate over the diagnosis of DID i. Posttraumatic model – a theory of dissociative identity disorder that argues that it results from traumatic childhood experiences ii. Sociocognitive model – a theory of dissociative identity disorder that argues that is iatrogenic (“doctor born”) and/or the disorder results from socially reinforced multiple role enactments Types of Research Bias: - Retrospective – research based on the participants’ recall of information about events that occurred in the past - Recall bias – bias based on distortion in memories for past events - Rumination bias – bias based on the fact that thinking about past events enhances the memory of such events - Selection bias – bias based on researching non-representative samples, such as when studies only investigate research subjects who already have the disorder in question and do not investigate a comparison group without the disorder - Information bias – bias based on researchers only studying variables already believed to be related to the phenomena in question - Investigator bias – bias based on the influence of the researchers’ expectations or preferences on the study’s results - Prospective – research based on data that is collected as the events being studied are occurring, rather than recalling them retrospectively Explaining and treating Dissociation: - Psychodynamic:
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FINAL STUDY GUIDE - Psych 270 Exam #2 Study Guide Chapters...

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