PP2 Current Federal Programs and Agencies

PP2 Current Federal Programs and Agencies - The Reluctant...

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Unformatted text preview: The Reluctant Welfare State References: Trattner, W.I. (1999). From poor law to welfare state: A history of social welfare in America. 6th Edition. New York: The Free Press. Kingdon, J.W. (1999). America the unusual. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Group. Things to Know / Think About Things to know: What are the biggest parts of the federal budget? What are the federal (& state & local) agencies that deal most closely with human services? What are the main types of welfare available in the U.S.? What are the different welfare programs, their important details & how do they differ from each other? Why is the U.S. known as the reluctant welfare state & how do our budget priorities compare to those in other countries? Things to think about: What works, what doesn’t, and what changes do you think need to be made? Other Countries Health insurance Mass transit Welfare Public utilities Housing The U.S. Military Public schools Government regulation Litigiousness – Govt. policy – Civil liberties Criminal justice The U.S. Social Welfare System Income Maintenance Utilitarian Services Means Tested vs Universal Grant vs Entitlement The Executive Branch President of the US Agriculture (USDA) Health & Human Services Justice I nterest on Debt, 9% Social Security, 21% Military, 19% Medicare, 14% Nonmilitary Disc, 16% I ncome Security, 12% Medicaid, 9% Retirees Social Security 79% 21% Dependents of disabled & deceased workers Cap at $84,900 Pay as you go Other: – Supplemental Security Income (SSI) – Social Security Disability Insurance Medicare, Medicaid, & SCHIP Medicare: – – – Medicaid, 9% Medicare, 14% Medicaid: universal hospital & medical costs, ages 65 or older disabled social security recipients Other, 77% SCHIP: – means­tested – health care of low­income families with children – low­income elderly people – people with disabilities – means­tested – health care for children from low­income families Unemployment Insurance Social Security Act of 1935 Funded by a federal unemployment tax State laws vary, most states pay for 26 weeks Many people in paid labor are ineligible Public Assistance TANF (Temporary Assistance to Needy Families) The Personal Responsibility and Work Act (PRWA) of 1996 – federal government will not fund past five years – states can set time limit – many states have 2 year limit General Assistance USDA Food Stamps WIC School Breakfast & Lunch – SNAP – Feed low­income people – Will buy most foods but not paper goods, diapers, toiletries, etc. – Minimal nutritional diet Veterans Programs Veteran’s Administration ­ 1931 Federal program through county social service department Some states supplement Miscellaneous EITC (Earned Income Tax Credit) Child Tax Credit ...
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