Unformatted text preview: and Neglect and Department of Health & Human Services Administration for Children & Families Children’s Bureau Things to Know Things to Know
Things to Know: What are the main types of child maltreatment, and what is most common? What is forensic interviewing protocol & why is it necessary? What is mandated reporting & who is required to do it? What are the important points of child welfare history in the U.S., & the focus of the current foster care system? What are the pros & cons of recent legislation? What mental health issues should human service workers be aware of in foster children? What are current trends & options in adoption? Things to Think About: What types of programs does the child welfare system need now? How do CPS workers determine safe vs. unsafe consistently & fairly? Child & Family Services Child & Family Services Child abuse investigations Child abuse assessments Case management – Children – Foster families – Biological parents – Adoptive parents – Birth parents History of Child Welfare in U.S. History of Child Welfare in U.S. Colonial US Industrial Revolution Orphan Asylum Orphan Trains (1854 – 1929) Foster Care
– 1/2 reunite Socioemotional needs of children Socioemotional needs of children Attachment/Bonding Continuity of caregiver (Anna Freud, The Best Interest of the Child) “Goodenough” parenting (Winnicott) Love and discipline Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (1974) Goals of Child Welfare
– – – Safety Permanency Best interest of the child! Current Legislation Current Legislation The Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 (ASFA) Fostering Connections to Success and – shortened time periods for termination of parental rights and permanency planning – Concurrent planning – FosterAdopt arrangements Increasing Adoptions Act (2008) – 30 day notice for all adult family members – Increased $ for special needs children All 50 states: mandatory child abuse and neglect reporting law in order to qualify for funding under the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA, 1974) CAPTA mandates "minimum definitions" for child abuse and sexual abuse. Every state has a hotline for reporting abuse and neglect. 2003: reports must be screened & investigated in a timely manner, immediately to 10 days Hotline to regional agency to investigator, interview child, nonoffending parent & alleged perpetrator Mandatory Reporting Mandatory Reporting Who Must Report Who Must Report All states require certain professionals and institutions to report suspected child abuse, including
– – – – – – – – health care providers mental health care providers teachers and other school personnel social workers day care providers law enforcement personnel clergy** film developers* Many states have broad statutes requiring "any person" to report. Types of child maltreatment Types of child maltreatment Neglect Physical abuse Sexual abuse Emotional abuse Physical & Emotional Neglect Physical & Emotional Neglect
Physical Abandonment Expulsion Inadequate supervision Emotional Inadequate nurturance/affection Chronic/extreme abuse or domestic violence permitted Drug/alcohol abuse or other maladaptive behavior permitted Medical & Educational Neglect Medical & Educational Neglect Failure to provide necessary medical tx Failure to provide necessary mental health tx Permitting Chronic Truancy Failure to Enroll/Other Truancy – Refusal of health care – Delay in health care Inattention to Special Education Need Physical Child Abuse Physical Child Abuse
Physical abuse is any planned or unplanned injury of a child by a person responsible for the wellbeing of that child. •Emotional or psychological abuse •Sexual abuse •Munchhausen by proxy Forensic Interviewing Protocol Forensic Interviewing Protocol Inappropriate technique Better technique Coordinated teams Developed by NICHD Open ended questions Retrieval cues that rely on free recall Abuse? Abuse?
Child at Risk Field System SAFE UNSAFE Impulse control Accept responsibility Appropriate understanding or remorse History of getting help Good parenting skills Out of control Frequently violent No remorse Not responsive to intervention Unavailable Flight risk Special needs child Life threatening conditions Exposure to violence ...
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- Spring '09