PP3 Career Paths in Human Services

PP3 Career Paths in Human Services - Career Paths in Human...

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Unformatted text preview: Career Paths in Human Services Things to know & think about Things to know: – – – – – – Thing to think about ABC X Model – Hill’s Family Stress Theory DSM IV – strengths & weaknesses, who uses what PIE ­ strengths & weaknesses, who uses what Bronfrenbrenner – all the levels, who uses what Public health – basic thinking, level of ecosystem Medical model – basic thinking, level of ecosystem – What way of helping is most interesting to you personally? – Which models are best suited to the problems that interest you? Families are Primary Providers of Human Services Hunter Hunting and Gatherer gathering Societies societies •No separation between family & society •Families provide all help & care •Shaman/healer in more advanced societies •Family still primary provider •Church provides services at local level •Family still primary provider •Complex services system (20 to 10,000 BCE?) (10,000 BCE to 1700AD) Agrarian societies Industrial Societies Hill’s ABC X Model of Family Crisis B Family Resources Lowered functioning Level of reorganization A Event C Family Perception X Crisis Period of reorganization Pile­up Degree BA/BS BSW MA/MS Academic Area / Major Psychology, Sociology, Family Science Social Work (CSWE) Counseling Psychology State License n/a Basic, varies LPC LCPC, 3000 hours LGMFT / LGCFT LCMFT / LCCFT + Hours LSW LCSW, 3200 hours Possible Careers Entry level everything! Case management Counseling… School counsel, etc… Admin &research Family therapist Family Science Family Therapy MSW Social Work (CSWE) Case management, admin, policy, therapy (clin)! Epi, Biostat, Ed Same, MPH MCH Public Health Maternal & Child Health n/a n/a Degree PsyD PhD Academic Area / Major Doctor of Psychology State License Possible Careers Licensed clinical Therapist psychologist, + hours Doctor of Philosophy in Licensed clinical Therapist, Psychology psychologist, + research, hours academic Doctor of Philosophy in n/a Family Science Doctor of Philosophy in Clinical? Family Science Doctor of Philosophy in n/a Public Health Doctor of Philosophy in n/a Maternal & Child Health Research, academic Therapist, research, academic Academic, research Specialized, Academic, research Study, predict, diagnose & tx? DSM IV PIE Bronfrenbrenner Public health Medical model DSM IV Multiaxial Assessment Axis I Clinical Disorders Axis II Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation Axis III General Medical Condition Axis IV Psychosocial and Environmental Factors Axis V Global Assessment of Functioning (1­100) DSM: Good & Bad STRENGTHS Reliability Standardized Individual clients & groups Treatment planning Utilization review WEAKNESSES Pathology­oriented Not theory­based Political Diverse etiologies Overlap among categories Not culturally competent PIE Multiaxial Classification (National Association of Social Workers) Factor 1: Social roles in relationship to others Factor 2: Social Environment Factor 3: Mental health Factor 4: Physical health –DSM­IV­TR Diagnosis –ICD­10 Diagnosis Limitations of PIE Lengthy and complex Still theoretically weak Stronger as a treatment planning tool, but contributes little more to treatment administration or case management/utilization review Categories still overlap & involve subjectivity Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model Macrosystem Exosystem Microsystem Individual The Individual Genetics Gender Developmental stage Personality characteristics Risk and resiliency factors Etc. Microsystem & Mesosystem Family Neighborhood Playmates The Mesosystem School Pediatrician The Exosystem Human service systems Political organizations Educational systems Occupational Mass media structure The Macrosystem Cultural attitudes and ideologies Prejudice and racism Social class Laws Religious beliefs Gender role expectations ...
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