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PP22 Legislation - Gender Equity and Gender Equity and...

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Unformatted text preview: Gender Equity and Gender Equity and Disability Legislation Things to Know & Think About Things to Know & Think About Things to know: What are the important elements of each federal law concerning gender equity & rights for the disabled? How does each law differ from the other & what are the major changes created by each law? Things to think about: Are there groups of people that need further protection through the law? The Equal Pay Act of 1963 The Equal Pay Act of 1963 Required employers to review their pay classification systems for evidence of sex discrimination and to create pay systems that were based on comparable worth. Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act Forbids discrimination in employment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) Affirmative action plans from employers with unequal opportunity The 1973 Rehabilitation Act The 1973 Rehabilitation Act Forbids discrimination against any person w/a disability, in a federal agency or subcontractor Disability: a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of a person’s life activities Section 504, extends Civil Rights Act: – Affirmative action in employment & advancement – “Reasonable accommodation” required for people with disabilities in the workplace or Section 508, technology in any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance 1978: alcoholism as a disability The Americans with Disabilities Act The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 Broadened Rehabilitation Act – employers with 15 or more employees (by 1994) Distinction between – Currently using alcohol or drugs – Receiving treatment The Pregnancy Disability Amendment The Pregnancy Disability Amendment to the Civil Rights Act, 1978 Sex discrimination includes discrimination: pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions Ability to work, not the fact or month of pregnancy Must be covered by insurance and leave Prohibits mandatory leave Protects seniority rights Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) of 1993 12 workweeks of unpaid leave during any 12­month period for one or more of the following reasons: – Birth and care of the newborn child – Placement of a child for adoption or foster care – Medical leave when the employee is unable to work because of a serious health condition – Care of an immediate family member with a serious health condition ...
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