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Psych Notes (2.1)

Psych Notes (2.1) - Notes from 4/28 Exam 3 Two weeks from...

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Notes from 4/28 Exam 3- Two weeks from today (5/12) Introduction Many of Freud’s ideas have to do w/ common sense Personality is a hypothetical construct (we infer it from behavior) We explain consistency in terms of personality We also use it to explain distinctiveness when we observe the behavior of different people in certain situations Becomes a lasting disposition (not going to change on a day to day basis) Where does personality come from? Psychoanalytic theory (an example of a psychodynamic theory) Attempts to explain personality, motivation and mental disorders as a result of early childhood experience (caused a lot of controversy because people at this time didn’t like to talk about sex and other issues that Freud focused on) Proposes that there is a fundamental personality structure Personality structure (the way these interact motivate behavior) Id Primitive and instinctual motive Source of primary, fundamental, and biological behavior (urges) that motive behavior Ex) Sex, aggression, food, sleep, drink Operates according to the pleasure principle: demands immediate gratification of primary, fundamental, biological urges Engages in primary process thinking: illogical, fantasy Ego Decision making component of personality Mediates between ids demands and socially acceptable behavior Operates according to the reality principle: takes social norms into account at the level of practical behavior Takes into practical constraints Engages in secondary process thinking- oriented towards problem solving. Superego Moral component Responsible for internalization of social norms and social standards into ideas of what is wrong and what is right Foundation for ethics and morality Internalization-when we internalize social norms we see that behaviors are acceptable b/c it morally so Levels of awareness- id, ego, and superego, according the freud, are distributed differently across these three levels. Compared to an ice berg, the mass is what is underneath that you can’t see.
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