ECON 361 Ag and Land Reform

ECON 361 Ag and Land Reform - AgriculturalPolicy&Land...

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Reform in Latin America An historical overview
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An Historical Overview  –  Land Reform after the Cuban revolution Food Shortages & push for production (1970s) Getting the prices right (1980s)
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The unequal distribution of land Latifundio-Minifundio landholding structure. Latifundios -- for the landed elite. Minifundios -- small parcels of land -- too small to support a family In Mexico on the eve of the revolution (1910) 1% of the population owned or controlled 85% of the land. See Lorenz curves
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Lorenz Curve for land distribution From C&H, Fig 10.1 Source FAO, c 1970
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Land Reform  –  traditional landholding patterns Plantation agriculture Haciendas (ranches) with absentee landlords Communal farms among indigenous groups Minifundistas with subsistence plots tied to large estates
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efficiency Traditional structure was inefficient Latifundios – idle land, labor monopsony
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This note was uploaded on 01/24/2011 for the course ECON 361 taught by Professor Meyer during the Fall '10 term at George Mason.

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ECON 361 Ag and Land Reform - AgriculturalPolicy&Land...

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