ECON 361 US Mid West

ECON 361 US Mid West - Agricultureled AmericanMidwest A...

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Agriculture-led  Industrialization in the  American Midwest A contrasting experience
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Overview Explosive growth of Chicago based on wholesale markets for commercial agriculture Prosperous 19 th farming The 19 th century Industrial Midwest Reapers, steam engines, and other farm machinery in 19 th century 20 th century brought gasoline engines, automobiles, and finally tractors
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Midwestern Commercial Agriculture in  the 19 th  Century – the view from N.  Illinois Chicago was a fur-trading settlement in 1832 Railroads began to connect the hinterlands to Chicago around 1850s By the time of the Civil War, Chicago was the most important livestock market in the U.S. By 1870 – it was a city of 300,000 Growth based on commercial agriculture By 1900 – it was a city of 1.7 million
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Farmers prospered in 19 th century. Rockford area farm, 1886. Photo courtesy of Midway Village and Museum Center
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The 19 th  Century Industrial Midwest Need for new kind of plow to break the prairie sod John Deere invented a “singing plow” in 1837 Foundries all over the Midwest producing plows.
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ECON 361 US Mid West - Agricultureled AmericanMidwest A...

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