The Enlightenment

The Enlightenment - TheEnlightenment by...

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The Enlightenment by Mirae Park, Marcos Herrera,  Rufaro Mandizvidza
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Overview of Material Focus of Enlightenment Era: Rouseau John Locke Deism
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Jean-Jacques Rouseau
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Jean-Jacques Rouseau - Swiss born French essayist, novelist, and philsopher - Born in Geneva, Switzerland, in 28 June 1712 - Raised by his maternal uncle - His formal education ended at the age of 12 - Died at the age of 66, July 2, 1778
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Jean-Jacques Rouseau Even his formal education was ended when he was 12, he gained fame as an educationist But HOW?
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Émile, or On Education
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Émile, or On Education - first published in 1762 - liberal modern educational experiments - half treatise, and half novel that tells the life story of a fictional man, Émile - divided into five books, each corresponding to a developmental stage
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Book  I and  II - describe the Age of Nature up to age 12 - must emphasize the physical side of their education - like small animals - the most important tools for their acquisition of knowledge
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Book III and IV - describe the transitional stages of adolescence - best time to begin such study - studying and reading only what he, Émile, is curious about - ready for religious education - approach religion as a skeptic and a freethinker
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Book IV - describes the Age of Wisdom - education of Sophie, Émile’s wife-to-be - brief description of female education - the ideal woman - "passive and weak" - "made specailly to please man"
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Rouseau's view of education - "God makes all things good; man meddles with them and they become evil" - educating children in a natural way - experience should not come from books but from life
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After  Émile's publication - was banned both in France and Switzerland - The French parliament ordered the book to be burned - differed sharply from all accepted forms of the time - “Profession of Faith of the Savoyard Vicar”
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This note was uploaded on 01/24/2011 for the course PHIL 253 taught by Professor Cherubin during the Fall '07 term at George Mason.

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The Enlightenment - TheEnlightenment by...

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