PHIL253EXAM Study Guide Subjects

PHIL253EXAM Study Guide Subjects - Philisophy study guide...

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Presentation Options: Determinism Fatalism Chance/Chaos Freedom Ignorance-Bliss- you often think you are right & know everything but no nothing. Blindness-often leads to ability to see beyond what you would normally not as a blind person. PHIL 253 EXAM 2 ~Antigone (1 interpretation-as the first Feminist?) Go against gods rule or man(king) rules. The story of Antigone focuses on the role of the ruler in a city, providing a model for all of the bad qualities that a king should not have, lest he be punished terribly as Creon was in the end. Moreover, the gods must always be respected by everyone. ~Oedipus The King Fate is a theme that often occurs in Greek writing, tragedies in particular. The idea that attempting to avoid an oracle is the very thing which brings it about is a common motif in many Greek myths, and similarities to Oedipus can for example be seen in the myth of the birth of Perseus . ~Aristotile (how we classify all human knowledge-practical=i.e econ & physical=i.e mathematics. Also contributed to everlasting ideas & ethics. ~Poetics The distinction is that while history is limited to what has actually happened, poetry depicts things in their universal character. And, therefore, “poetry is more philosophical and more elevated than history.” First form of dramatic theory with focus on literary work. ~History vs Poetry The distinction is that while history is limited to what has actually happened, poetry depicts things in their universal character. And, therefore, “poetry is more philosophical and more elevated than history. tragedy is higher and more philosophical than history because history simply relates what has happened while tragedy dramatizes what may happen, “what is possible according to the law of probability or necessity.” History thus deals with the particular, and poetry with the universal. Events that have happened may be due to accident or coincidence; they may be particular to a specific situation and not be part of a clear cause-and-effect chain. Therefore they have little relevance for others. Tragedy/Poetry, however, is rooted in the fundamental order of the universe; it creates a cause-and-effect chain that clearly reveals what may happen at any time or place because that is the way the world operates. Tragedy therefore arouses not only
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pity but also fear, because the audience can envision themselves within this cause-and-effect chain Oedipus the King (Swollen Foot-Oida=I know) Killed his father (lyous) out of ignorance , married his mother (josyous) and she had his children. Oedipus gets blind by torturing his own eyes, his face running with blood from his eyes. (idiot..lol) Blames greek gods like Apollo for everything that has happened except plucking his eyes (“What i have done is the best thing I have done, do not question my actions”)-which recovers him from the terrible revelation. He ask his fellow citizens to either banish him form the city ( Mount Cithaeron ?-asks to be sent in exile) or kill him, punishments that Apollo asserts..
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