Gender Roles

Gender Roles - Gender Differentiation and the Cult of...

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Gender Differentiation and the “Cult of Domesticity” I. The Changing idea of Home and Family A. Home is looked at as a sanctuary from the competitiveness and of the new American republic (a counterweight for capitalism) B. Man is still the head of the home, but the home is now no longer where he should exert his power (the world outside the home is his domain) II. The Division of Sex Roles A. Motherhood becomes the center of culture and virtue, responsibilities of child care fall with mother 1. Another role of woman was “homemaker” -- expected woman to be eager to create a home that would “dispel the gloom of the outside world” B. Fathers worked outside the home C. Division of gender roles did not reach across the board -- women of lower classes could not afford to be just a wife & homemaker (had to work outside home) III. The Doctrine of “Separate Spheres” A. Functions 1. Aid to Defining Selfhood: allowed a set of clear boundaries in which they could define themselves 2. Aid to defining meaning of masculinity and femininity:
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Gender Roles - Gender Differentiation and the Cult of...

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