Antebellum South

Antebellum South - The Antebellum South I. II. The...

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The Antebellum South I. The Significance of Slavery A. South really only made up of 4 major groups -- slaves, large slaveholders, farmers, and small slaveholders II. The Southern Economy A. The Growth of the Cotton Economy 1. Demand: result of growth of textile industry in the northeast 2. The Role of the Cotton Gin: 1793 -- Eli Whitney developed the cotton gin which removed the seeds of short staple cotton -- eventually the South was able to produce about 3/4 the world’s cotton B. The Profitability of Slavery 1. For the Slaveholder: tasks were simple enough to be done by gangs of workers (slaves) without much training (management costs would be low) a) were able to keep slaves working all year b) assumed that the economic prosperity of their region was bound to the use of slavery 2. For the Southern Economy a) lack of urban centers: did exist, but were smaller and less de- veloped than those in the north (1) ex: New Orleans had a population of 169,000 people (2) this was because large planters tried to hold as much land as
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Antebellum South - The Antebellum South I. II. The...

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