culturalanthro1 - Chapter 1: Anthropology Terms:...

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Chapter 1: Anthropology Terms: Anthropology- the science or study of homo sapiens using a holistic approach Cultural anthropology- a subfield of anthropology that focuses on human sociocultural adaptations Ethnography- a written description of culture based on data gathered from fieldwork Ethnology- the comparative study of cultures with the aim of presenting analytical generalizations about human culture Archeology- the systematic study of the artifacts and ecofacts from past cultures as a means of reconstructing past lifeways Prehistoric archeology- the analysis of material remains of cultures that existed before the time of written records Artifacts- objects made by humans Features- nonportable evidence of technology at archaeological sites, such as roadways and fire hearths Ecofacts- the remains of plants, animals, or naturally occurring nonorganic substances Site- the location of archaeological remains such as artifacts and features Historical archaeology- a subfield pf archaeology that studies the remains of cultures that existed during the time of written records but about which little was written Cultural resource management (CRM)- the conservation and management of archaeological sites to protect them Experimental archaeology- experiments are preformed to learn how prehistoric artifacts and features were made and used Ethnoarchaeology- the study of contemporary societies’ behaviors and uses of material objects in order to better understand how human behavior translates into the archaeological record
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This note was uploaded on 01/24/2011 for the course ANTH Anth 0780 taught by Professor Richardscaglion during the Fall '09 term at Pittsburgh.

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culturalanthro1 - Chapter 1: Anthropology Terms:...

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