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Chapter 4: Language Terms: Descriptive linguistics- focuses on the mechanics of language Phonology- general study of the sounds used in human speech Phoneme- smallest unit of sound in speech that will indicate a difference in meaning Morpheme- smallest combination of sound that carry a meaning Syntax- the manner in which minimum units of meaning (morphemes) are combined Historical linguistics- study of history of languages; including their development and relationship to other languages Ethnolinguistics- field of study in linguistics that analyzes the relationship btwn a language and culture Sapir-Whorf hypothesis- states that language constructs perceptions Recursion- feature of language that allows for the generation of variations in sentences by using
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Unformatted text preview: embedded or added clauses and phrases Sociolinguistics- analyzes the relationship btwn language and culture with a focus on how ppl speak in context Displacement- ability of humans to communicate symbolically about distant time and place Lexigrams- geometric figure symbols used to teach apes symbolic communication Silent language- all of the cultures nonverbal symbolic systems of communication, including kinesics and proxemics Kinesics- the use of the body to communicate; gestures, posture, and facial expression Proxemics- the study of the use of space in communication...
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