Change, Strategy and Projects at Work Chapter 7 : The Project Manager and the Project Organizations Arab Open University Faculty of Computer Studies Prepared by: Nabil Rahal. [email protected]
Project Management and the Project Manager The Functional Manager vs. The Project Manager Functional managers are usually specialists, analytically oriented and they know the details of each operation for which they are responsible Project managers must be generalists that can oversee many functional areas and have the ability to put the pieces of a task together to form a coherent whole
Functional Manager and the PM The Functional Manager Analytical Approach Direct, technical supervisor The Project Manager Systems Approach Facilitator and generalist
Roles and Responsibilities Project managers perform both process and people functions. Both types of functions are necessary for effective project management.
Roles and Responsibilities Process functions fall into the following groups: initiating planning executing monitoring and controlling, and closing out projects
Roles and Responsibilities People functions include: leadership teambuilding motivation communication time management change management diversity management adversity management
Project managers provide the leadership in carrying out these process functions
Project Management and the PM Major questions face the PM: What needs to be done? When must it be done? How are the resources required to do this job going to be obtained? PM is responsible for organizing, staffing, budgeting, directing, planning, and controlling the project: Responsibility to the Parent Organization Responsibility to the Client Responsibility to the Team Members
Responsibilities to the Parent Organization Conservation of resources Timely and accurate project communications Careful, competent management of the project Protect the firm from high risk Accurate reporting of project status with regard to budget and schedule
Responsibilities of the PM Responsibility to the Client Preserve integrity of project and client Resolve conflict among interested parties Ensure performance, budgets, and deadlines are met Responsibility to project team members Fairness, consistency, respect, honesty Concern for members’ future after project
Project Management Career Paths Most Project Managers get their training in one or more of three ways: On-the-job Project management seminars and workshops Active participation in the programs of the local chapters of the Project Management Institute Formal education in degree/certificate programs
Project Management Experience Experience as a PM serves to teach the importance of: An organized plan for reaching an objective Negotiation with one’s co-workers Sensitivity to the political realities of organizational life Careers often starts with participation in small into larger projects, until given
Special Demands on the PM
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- Spring '12
- Project Management, project manager