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culturalanthro6 - irrigation Chiefdom a type of society...

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Chapter 6: Subsistence Strategies and Resource Allocation II Terms: Horticulture- a food-procurement strategy based on crop production without soil preparation, fertilizers, irrigation, or use of draft animals Slash-and-burn- the removal of plant materials by cutting and burning preparatory to planting Pastoralism- a food-producing strategy based on herding Nomadic pastoralism- a herding adaptation that makes the most of available forage for animals by frequent habitat moves Transhumance- a variety of pastoralism in which herds are moved seasonally Agriculture- a subsistence strategy based on intensive, continuous use of land for the production of plant foods; it typically includes one or more of the following: cultivation of soils, use of fertilizers, and
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Unformatted text preview: irrigation Chiefdom- a type of society with an office of chief, most commonly hereditary, social ranking, and redistributive economy Stratified society- a society with unequal access to resources within groups of the same gender and status Redistribution- a system of exchange in which wealth is reallocated; found in chiefdom and state societies Market exchange- the trading of goods and services through the use of currency Barter- exchange of products that does not involve currency Commodity money- currency in the form of valued objects such as shells or gold Fiat money- paper currency backed by the nation-state’s claim of its value...
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