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culturalanthro8 - Chapter 8 K inship and Descent Terms Role...

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Chapter 8: Kinship and Descent Terms: Role- the culturally assigned behaviors and expectations for a person’s social position Status- person’s position in society Ascribed status- status a person is given at birth and over which that person has no control Achieved status- status position that is earned through an individual’s skills, actions, and accomplishments Descent group- a group of ppl who share identity and come from a common ancestor Lineage- a unilineal descent group that traces its consanguineal relatives back to a common ancestor Patrilineage- a unilineal descent group passed on through males and traced to a common male ancestor Agnates- members of a patrilineage Matrilineage- a unilineal descent group with membership passed on through females and traced to a common female ancestor Uterine descent group- see matrilineage Bilateral descent- descent that is traced through both mother and father Kindred- a term associated with bilateral descent in which relatives calculate their degree
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