Lecture 3 - Lecture 3 1/24/11 Institutional Design...

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Lecture 3 1/24/11 Institutional Design Koremenos, Lipson, and Snidal Article: The Rational Design of International Organizations Five aspects of institutional design o Membership o Scope o Centralization o Control o flexibility Why study institutional design Design of institutions has implications of how effective they are Helps us understand why some institutions are considered “strong” and others “weak” o EU-strong because it can influence policies and norms in countries, it has its own currency (centralization), flexibility because countries can opt in and opt out of using the currency. Who determines institutional design? Mainly states that negotiate how institutions they are creating will run and operate, treaties, charters, how much power it will have Indiviuals and NGOS can play a role in debates Once IGOS are created, they may evolve without the approval of member states o Expand issues Membership Who is a member may depend on: Who is affected by the issues that IO deals with o Example: OPEC-deals with limiting and controlling how much petroleum is produces Who meets the agreed-upon normative criteria o IOs as “clubs” o Make countries hold up to certain human rights issues Decisions about membership often coincide with decisions about what the goals and purpose of the IO are o Example: NATO expansion o Considerations about membership may not be explicitly put in treaty
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Membership: Case Study They G-8 versus the G-20 G8 is an annual meeting of the heads of states of 8 large industrial countries o Formed in 1976 o
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Lecture 3 - Lecture 3 1/24/11 Institutional Design...

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