cognitive psych 1 - :AnIntroduction Objectives(1),...

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Lecture 1 – Cognitive Psychology: An Introduction Objectives : (1.) To understand what  science  is, and how science is related to the four other  ways of knowing about the world. (2.) To understand what  experiments  are, how they are conducted, and the way  in which the uniquely contribute to human understanding. (3.) To understand what  cognitive psychology  is, and how it is related to other  branches of psychology. (4.) To understand the method of introspection and behaviorism, and how their  limitations directly resulted in cognitive psychology, as well as the other historical  factors that contributed to its development. Notes : I. What is cognitive psychology?  To answer this questions, it’s first necessary to  define “psychology”: A.  Psychology  – The science of mind and behavior B.  Science  – One of four different ways that we have to know about the  world/reality Four ways of knowing Non-empirical o Authority Religion Most of what we know about the world is based on authority o Logic
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Deductive – come up with premises and based on those come up with  conclusion Inductive – have observations that lead to conclusion Empirical – Known through experience/observation o Intuition Direct observation o Science Draws upon other three ways of knowing about the world Science, more than anything, is a  method  to investigate the world Science begins with observation   theory   hypothesis   test hypothesis   do  results support hypothesis? If yes   Run another experiment, if no   Create  new / amend old theory A theory is a general explanation for a phenomena A hypothesis is a very specific prediction for specific information in a specific  context
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