personality psych 6

personality psych 6 - PsychologyofPersonality January5,2011...

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Psychology of Personality 02:45 January 5, 2011 Intro to Course What is personality? o Individual differences o Consistency/pattern of differences? Class definition of personality o “Personality is something inside a person that produces consistent  behavior across situations and over time”
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Psychology of Personality 02:45 January 7, 2011 The Psychoanalytic Approach Sigmund Freud , Alfred Adler, Carl Jung, Erik Erikson, Karen Horney, Melanie  Klein, Heinz Kohut, Jane Loevinger, Harry Sullivan - Signs that a theory is psychoanalytic: Much of personality is unconscious People are savages – Christian idea of the original sin o Seen in media: Lord of the Flies, Kid Nation, Boys Alone The past is always with us o Evidence in neuroscience Everything means something – no such thing as a trivial behavior o Feminists have similar belief - Sigmund Freud Influential o Not only in psychology, but also more broadly, in popular culture Novels featuring Freud: The Seven-Per-Cent Solution, The  Interpretation of Murder, The Little Book Controversial o Freud has been accused of being unscientific, dishonest, sexist, a drug  addict, and gay o Became popular in 1950s-1970s Early Life  o Born in 1850s, lived in Vienna Austria, Jewish, fled Vienna and went to  England during WWII.
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Psychology of Personality 02:45 o Had a blended family, Freud was 1 st  child of 2 nd  wife o Went to college early (age 17), but took a long time to finish college due to  low family income. o Graduated to become a therapist, but needed more training Early Career o Ernst Brucke  Freud studied under Brucke as an undergraduate Homeostasis could be true of mental energy o Jean Charcot Freud studied under Charcot to get more training Taught Freud how to hypnotize people Unconscious can be brought to surface during hypnosis o Joseph Breuer Helped to develop Freud’s skills Believed in catharsis Treated wealthy neurotic women o Developed skills in humor, free association, hypnosis, dream analysis,  parapraxes (slip of the tongue, stupid mistakes) Early model of theory o Stressful events   Unacceptable thoughts and feelings   Repressions  and resistance   Neuroticism Personality structure o Id – first/biggest part of the personality, most of the id is unconscious Pleasure principle - The idea that impulses should be gratified  immediately
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Psychology of Personality 02:45 Primary process - Creates an unconscious image of a desired object o Ego – originally part of the Id but becomes sophisticated, some of the ego  is unconscious Reality principle - The idea that actions must take into account the 
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personality psych 6 - PsychologyofPersonality January5,2011...

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