Org Theory-Introduction - Introduction to Organization...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Introduction to Organization Theory
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
What is Theory? Theory is: “a plan or scheme existing in the mind only, but based on principles verifiable by experiment or observation” ).
Background image of page 2
What is an Organization? “Organizations are social entities that are goal-oriented; are designed as deliberately structured and coordinated activity systems, and are linked to the external environment” ( Daft, 2004) .
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Definition of Organization Theory Organization theory: is the set of propositions (body of knowledge) stemming from a definable field of study which can be termed organizations science . The study of organizations: is an applied science because the resulting knowledge is relevent to problem solving or decision making in ongoing enterprises or
Background image of page 4
Definition of Organization Theory Cont. . Two things: Knowledge Knowledge generated by practical experience and scientific research Solving problems & managing resources .
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Definition of Organization Theory Cont. . “It is the application of scientific knowledge in engineering and other forms of technology that has brought such spectacular changes in the material context of our lives over the past century” .
Background image of page 6
Organization theory and Management “Management technology stems from organization theory and even more applied in the sense that it focuses on the practice of management in ongoing organizations” .
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Micro Perspective of Organizations Simplifying Assumptions: Firms viewed as an individual entrepreneur Profit maximization Rationality in achieving firm goals Firms function is to transform inputs into outputs Staple environment in which firm operates Concerned only with changes in prices and quantities of inputs and outputs
Background image of page 8
Organization Theory from a Historical Perspective Throughout history most managers operated strictly on a trial-and-error basis The management profession as we know it today is relatively new wide swings in management approaches over the last 100 years parts of each approach have survived and been incorporated into modern perspectives on management
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Evolution Of Management Thought 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 Systematic management Administrative management Quantitative management Systems theory Current and future revolutions Scientific management Human relations Organizational behavior Bureaucracy Classical Approaches Contemporary Approaches Contingency theory
Background image of page 10
Early Management Concepts And Influences Industrial revolution minor improvements in management tactics produced impressive increases in production quantity and quality economies of scale - reductions in the average cost of a unit of production as the total volume produced increases opportunities for mass production created by the industrial revolution spawned intense and systematic thought about management
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 12
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 42

Org Theory-Introduction - Introduction to Organization...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 12. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online