Lab_6_SP2020answer - ATMS 120 Spring 2020 Name and NetID William Henderson wh10 Lab#6 El Ni\u00f1o\/La Ni\u00f1a Heat and Drought(35 points \u2013 Due 11:59PM

Lab_6_SP2020answer - ATMS 120 Spring 2020 Name and...

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ATMS 120: Spring 2020 Name and NetID: William Henderson wh10 Lab #6: El Niño/La Niña, Heat, and Drought (35 points) – Due 11:59PM Tuesday, March 31 st Part #1: Questions about Flooding and Drought (1 Point each)1.In the US, what is the most common thing people are doing when they are killed by a flood? 2.Where does heat rank in the US in terms of number of deaths per year from weather over the last 30 years? 3.Why is a desert so susceptible to flash flooding? 4.What is the name of the mountain range on which the Indian Monsoon forms? 5.Where does flooding rank in the US in terms of number of deaths per year from weather over the last 30 years? 6.True or False: The “urban heat island” is a myth and does not actually exist in meteorology. 7.If a large ridge in the jet stream were to form over Illinois in July, would you expect cool and wet weather conditions or hot and dry weather conditions? 8.What is the value of the heat index when the temperature is 94F, the dewpoint is 70F and the RH = 50%? 9.What is the formal definition of drought? 10.Please draw in the space below what an omega block in the jet stream looks like over the West Coast of the US. This is a weather pattern that often creates drought on the West Coast of the US. © 2020 Dept. of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Illinois-Urbana Champaign 1
ATMS 120: Spring 2020 Part #2: Excessive Heat (5 points)Our body’s primary defense against high temperatures is through sweating (perspiration). Consider a 205 lb (93 kg)male farmer in the Central Valley of California on a July day when the air temperature is 111F (44C). On this day,the humidity is low enough such that all the sweat evaporates from the farmer’s skin, enabling him to maintain abody temperature of 99F (37C). The farmer sweats 1 liter (1000 g of water) per hourand 60% of the latent heatneeded to evaporate this sweat is provided by farmer’s body (the other 40% is provided by the air). If the farmersuddenly dehydrates and stops sweating,

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