The Healing Power of Chinese Herbs and Medicinal Recipes ( PDFDrive.com ).pdf - Joseph P Hou PhD AP Youyu Jin MD The Healing Power of Chinese Herbs and

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Unformatted text preview: Joseph P. Hou, PhD, AP Youyu Jin, MD The Healing Power of Chinese Herbs and Medicinal Recipes Pre-publication REVIEWS, COMMENTARIES, EVALUATIONS . . . book provides a comprehen“This sive introduction to the princi- ples and practice of Chinese herbal medicine. Practitioners of Chinese herbal medicine will profit from the vast experience of the authors.” Edzard Ernst, MD, PhD, FRCP Professor of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, England he Healing Power of Chinese Herbs “T and Medicinal Recipes by Drs. Hou and Jin brings the theory and philosophy of Traditional Chinese Medicine to the Western reader. This book presents the historical development of this complex and unique healing system. The book also profiles the therapeutic properties of individual herbs and multiingredient formulas. Modern research findings are summarized as well. The value of this book is its presentation of information on Traditional Chinese Medicine in a context that is true to its origins and at the same time understandable to the western reader.” Marilyn Barrett, PhD Pharmacognosy Consulting Services, San Carlos, California; Editor of The Handbook of Clinically Tested Herbal Remedies NOTES FOR PROFESSIONAL LIBRARIANS AND LIBRARY USERS This is an original book title published by The Integrative Healing Press®, an imprint of The Haworth Press, Inc. Unless otherwise noted in specific chapters with attribution, materials in this book have not been previously published elsewhere in any format or language. CONSERVATION AND PRESERVATION NOTES All books published by The Haworth Press, Inc. and its imprints are printed on certified pH neutral, acid-free book grade paper. This paper meets the minimum requirements of American National Standard for Information Sciences-Permanence of Paper for Printed Material, ANSI Z39.48-1984. The Healing Power of Chinese Herbs and Medicinal Recipes THE HAWORTH INTEGRATIVE HEALING PRESS® Ethan Russo Editor The Last Sorcerer: Echoes of the Rainforest by Ethan Russo Professionalism and Ethics in Complementary and Alternative Medicine by John Crellin and Fernando Ania Cannabis and Cannabinoids: Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutic Potential by Franjo Grotenhermen and Ethan Russo Modern Psychology and Ancient Wisdom: Psychological Healing Practices from the World’s Religious Traditions edited by Sharon G. Mijares Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Clinic Design by Robert A. Roush Herbal Voices: American Herbalism Through the Words of American Herbalists by Anne K. Dougherty The Healing Power of Chinese Herbs and Medicinal Recipes by Joseph P. Hou and Youyu Jin Alternative Therapies in the Treatment of Brain Injury and Neurobehavioral Disorders: A Practical Guide edited by Gregory J. Murrey The Healing Power of Chinese Herbs and Medicinal Recipes Joseph P. Hou, PhD, AP Youyu Jin, MD The Haworth Integrative Healing Press® An Imprint of The Haworth Press, Inc. New York • London • Oxford For more information on this book or to order, visit or call 1-800-HAWORTH (800-429-6784) in the United States and Canada or (607) 722-5857 outside the United States and Canada or contact [email protected] Published by The Haworth Integrative Healing Press®, an imprint of The Haworth Press, Inc., 10 Alice Street, Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. © 2005 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, microfilm, and recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Printed in the United States of America. Publisher’s Note This book has been published solely for educational purposes and is not intended to substitute for the medical advice of a treating physician. Medicine is an ever-changing science. As new research and clinical experience broaden our knowledge, changes in treatment may be required. Although many potential treatment options are made herein, some or all of the options may not be applicable to a particular individual. Therefore, the author, editor, and publisher do not accept responsibility in the event of negative consequences incurred as a result of the information presented in this book. We do not claim that this information is necessarily accurate by the rigid scientific and regulatory standards applied for medical treatment. No warranty, expressed or implied, is furnished with respect to the material contained in this book. The reader is urged to consult with his or her personal physician with respect to the treatment of any medical condition. This book should not be used as a substitute for treatment by a professional health care provider. The reader should consult a physician for matters relating to symptoms that may require medical attention. Cover design by Lora Wiggins. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Hou, Joseph P., 1929The healing power of Chinese herbs and medicinal recipes / Joseph P. Hou, Youyu Jin. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-7890-2201-X (hard : alk. paper)—ISBN 0-7890-2202-8 (soft : alk. paper) 1. Herbs—Therapeutic use. 2. Medicine, Chinese. [DNLM: 1. Materia Medica. 2. Drugs, Chinese Herbal. 3. Medicine, Chinese Traditional. QV 760 H835h 2004] I. Jin, Youyu, II. Title. RM666.H33H68 2004 616'.321'0951—dc22 2004005835 CONTENTS Foreword xix Zhou Jinhuang Preface xxi Acknowledgments xxv Guide to Chinese Pin Yin Phonetics and the Wade-Giles System xxvii Authors’ Note xxix Introduction: Western Medicine versus Traditional Chinese Medicine Modern (Synthetic) Medicine versus Herbal (Natural) Medicine The Healing Benefits of Chinese Herbs The Future of Chinese Herbal Medicine 1 2 6 8 PART I: THE MYTH AND TRUTH ABOUT CHINESE MEDICINE Chapter 1. The Fundamentals of Chinese Medicine Early Medical Philosophy The Essence of Chinese Medicine Methods of Diagnosis and Differentiation of Syndromes Treatment Methods Chapter 2. The Development of Ben Cao and Herbal Recipes The Evolution of Ben Cao The Evolution of Herbal Recipes 13 13 20 24 25 37 37 42 PART II: PRACTICALITIES OF CHINESE HERBAL REMEDIES Chapter 3. Practical Herbalism The Benefits of Medicinal Herbs Practical Herbalism How Medicinal Plants Are Processed Chemical Components of Medicinal Plants Properties of Medicinal Herbs Dosage of Herbs Factors That Influence the Efficacy of Herbs How Chinese Medicinal Herbs Are Used Chapter 4. Effective Herbal Recipes and Patent Medicines Herbal Recipes (Formulas, Prescriptions) How Herbal Recipes Are Modified Patent Medicines and Modern Pharmaceutical Herbal Preparations Quality Control and Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) of Herbal Products Where to Buy Chinese Herbs and Patent Medicines 49 49 53 55 57 59 65 68 69 73 73 75 76 77 78 PART III: THE HEALING POWERS OF MEDICINAL HERBS, PAST AND PRESENT Chapter 5. Miraculous Tonic Herbs: Strengthening the First Line of Defense and Fortifying the Immune System Ginseng; Radix ginseng; Ren shen Siberian Ginseng; Radix Acanthopanax senticosus; Wu jia shen or Ci wu jia Astragalus Root; Radix Astragali; Huang qi Codonopsis; Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae; Dang shen Licorice Root; Radix Glycyrrhizae; Gan cao Chinese Yam; Rhizoma Dioscoreae; Shan yao Schisandra Fruit; Fructus Schisandra; Wu wei zi White Atractylodes; Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephala; Bai zhu Chinese Angelica Root; Radix Angelica sinensis; Dang gui, Tang kuei, Dong quai 81 87 94 97 103 106 110 113 118 122 Processed Rehmannia Root; Radix Rehmanniae Preparata; Shu di huang or Shu di 127 White Peony Root; Radix Paeoniae Alba; Bai shao 131 Polygonum; Radix Polygoni multiflori; He shou wu or Shou wu 135 Chapter 6. Herbs That Adjust the Yin and Yang: Defending Homeostasis and Harmony of the Body American Ginseng; Radix Ginseng Quinquefolium; Xi yang shen or Hua qi shen Ophiopogon Root; Radix Ophiopogonis; Mai men dong or Mai dong Lycium Fruit; Fructus Lycii; Gou qi zi Polygonatum Root; Rhizoma Polygonati; Huang jing Glehnia; Radix Glehniae; Bei sha shen Asparagus; Radix Asparagi; Tian men dong or Tian dong Epimedium; Herba Epimedii; Yin yang huo or Xiang ling pi Eucommia Bark; Cortex Eucommiae; Du zhong Psoralea Fruit; Fructus Psoraleae; Bu gu zhi Cordyceps; Cordyceps sinensis; Dong chong xia cao Morinda Root; Radix Morindae officinalis; Ba ji tian Cistanche; Herba Cistanches; Rou cong rong Cuscuta; Semen Cuscutae; Tu si zi Cornus; Fructus Corni; Shan zhu yu Curculigo Rhizome; Rhizoma Curculiginis Xian mao Pilose Antler; Cornu Cervi Parvum; Lu rong Chapter 7. Herbs That Invigorate Circulation of Vital Energy, Qi, and Blood: Preventing Discomfort and Pain, and Cerebral and Coronary Heart Diseases Tangerine (Orange) Peel; Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae; Chen pi Immature Bitter Orange; Fructus Aurantii Immaturus; Zhi shi Cyperus Tuber; Rhizoma Cyperi; Xiang fu Aucklandia (saussurea) Root; Radix Aucklandiae; Mu xiang Notoginseng; Radix Notoginseng; San qi (Tian qi) Salvia Root; Radix Salvia Miltiorrhizae; Dan shen Cnidium; Radix Ligustici Chuanxiong; Chuan xiong 139 145 149 152 156 159 161 164 167 170 174 178 181 184 187 190 192 195 201 204 207 210 213 216 221 Carthamus or Safflower; Flos Carthami; Hong hua Curcuma Root; Radix Curcumae; Yu jin Vaccaria Seed; Semen Vaccariae; Wang bu liu xing Achyranthes Root; Radix Achyranthes Bidentatae; Huai niu xi Red Peony Root; Radix Paeoniae Rubra; Chi shao or Chi shao yao Leonurus; Herba Leonuri; Yi mu cao or Kun cao Peach Kernel or Persica; Semen Persicae; Tao ren Pubescent Holly Root; Radix Ilicis Pubescentis; Mao dong qing Acronychia; Lignum Dalbergiae Odorifera Jiang xiang or Jiang zhen xiang Moutan Bark; Cortex Moutan Radicis; Mu dan pi or Dan pi Ginkgo Biloba Leaves; Folia Ginkgo biloba; Yin xing ye Chapter 8. Herbal Tranquilizers: Nourishing the Heart and Calming the Liver Polygala Root; Radix Polygalae; Yuan zhi Ganoderma or Reishi Mushrooms; Ganoderma Lucidum; Ling zhi Biota Seed; Semen Biotae; Bai zi ren Zizyphus; Semen Zizyphi Spinosae; Suan zao ren Acorus; Rhizoma Acori Graminei; Shi chang pu or Chang pu Apocynum; Herba Apocynum Venetum; Luo bu ma Albizzia Bark; Cortex Albizzia; He huan pi Gastrodia Tuber; Rhizoma Gastrodiae; Tian ma Chapter 9. Herbal Diaphoretics: Relief of Common Colds, Allergies, and Headaches Ephedra; Herba Ephedrae; Ma huang Cinnamon Twig; Ramulus Cinnamomi Cassiae; Gui zhi Cinnamon Bark; Cortex Cinnamomi; Rou gui or Gui pi Siler; Radix Ledebouriellae; Fang feng Angelica or Dahurian Angelica Root; Radix Angelicae dahuricae; Bai zhi Ginger; Rhizoma Zingiberis; Gan jiang or Sheng jiang Asarum Herb; Herba Asari; Xi xin 226 230 233 236 239 242 245 248 251 254 257 263 267 270 274 277 280 283 286 288 293 298 303 306 309 312 316 319 Schizonepeta; Herba seu. Flos Schizonepetae; Jing jie or Jing jie sui Magnolia Flower; Flos Magnoliae; Xin yi hua or Xin yi Processed Aconite; Radix Aconiti Praeparata; Fu zi Mentha or Peppermint; Herba Menthae; Bo he Morus or Mulberry Leaf; Folium Mori; Sang ye Chrysanthemum; Flos Chrysanthemi; Ju hua Bupleurum Root; Radix Bupleuri; Chai hu Pueraria Root; Radix Puerariae; Ge gen Cimicifuga Rhizome; Rhizoma Cimicifugae; Sheng ma Chapter 10. Herbal Expectorants, Antitussives, and Antiasthmatics: Resolution of Respiratory System Ailments Pinellia Tuber; Rhizoma Pinelliae; Ban xia Platycodon Root; Radix Platycodi; Jie geng Fritillary Bulb; Bulbus Fritillariae; Bei mu or Chuan bei mu and Zhe bei mu Bitter Apricot Kernel; Semen Armeniacae amarum; Ku xing ren Trichosanthes Fruit; Fructus Trichosanthis; Gua lou shi Stemona Root; Radix Stemonae; Bai bu Sargassum or Seaweed; Herba Sargassum; Hai zao Lepidium Seed; Semen Lepidii seu Descurainiae; Ting li zi Rhododendron; Folium Rhododendri daurici; Man shan hong Chapter 11. Herbal Pain Killers: Relief of Lingering Arthritic Pain and Rheumatism Pubescent Angelica Root; Radix Angelicae pubescens; Du huo Notopterygium; Rhizoma seu Radix Notopterygii; Qiang huo Loranthus; Ramulus Loranthis; Sang ji sheng Clematis Root; Radix Clematidis; Wei ling xian Stephania; Radix Stephaniae tetrandrae; Han fang ji Chinese Star Jasmine; Caulis Trachelospermi; Luo shi teng Large-Leaf Gentian Root; Radix Gentiana Macrophyllae; Qin jiao 322 325 328 332 335 338 342 345 348 351 355 358 361 364 367 370 373 376 379 383 387 390 393 396 399 402 404 Cynanchum Root; Radix Cynanchi paniculati; Xu chang qing or Liao diao zhu Chaenomeles; Fructus Chaenomeles; Mu gua Acanthopanax Bark; Cortex Acanthopanacis; Wu jia pi Lycopodium; Herba Lycopodii; Shen jin cao Siegesbeckia; Herba Siegesbeckiae; Xi xian cao or Xi xian 407 410 413 416 418 Chapter 12. Herbs That Regulate Digestion and Elimination: Relief of Common Gastrointestinal Ailments Hawthorn; Fructus Crataegi; Shan zha Agastache; Herba Agastaches seu Pogostemi; Huo xiang Amomum Fruit; Fructus Amomi; Sha ren Germinated Barley; Fructus Hordei Germinatus; Mai ya Evodia Fruit; Fructus Evodiae; Wu zhu yu Atractylodes; Rhizoma Atractylodes; Cang zhu Raphanus or Radish Seeds; Semen Raphani; Lai fu zi Magnolia Bark; Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis; Hou po Rhubarb; Radix et Rhizoma Rhei; Da huang Areca Seed; Semen Arecae; Bin lang or Bing lang zi 421 425 429 432 435 437 441 445 448 451 455 Chapter 13. Dampness-Eliminating Herbs: Treating Urinary Tract Disorders Alisma; Rhizoma Alismatis; Ze xie Poria or Hoelen; Poria Cocos; Fu ling Polyporus; Polyporus Umbellatus; Zhu ling Rubus; Fructus Rubus Chingii; Fu pen zi Plantain Seed; Semen Plantaginis; Che qian zi Lysimachia; Herba Lysimachiae; Jin qian cao Capillaris; Herba Artemisiae capillaris; Yin chen hao 459 463 467 470 473 475 478 481 Chapter 14. Herbal Antipyretics, Antimicrobials, and Detoxicants: The Last Line of Defense Against Infections Arctium or Burdock Fruit; Fructus Arctii; Niu bang zi Gardenia; Fructus Gardeniae; Zhi zi Phragmites Rhizome; Rhizoma Phragmites; Lu gen Wild Chrysanthemum; Flos Chrysanthemi Indici; Ye ju hua Prunella Spike; Spica Prunellae; Xia ku cao Gentiana Root; Radix Gentianae; Long dan cao 485 489 491 493 495 498 501 Forsythia Fruit; Fructus Forsythiae; Lian qiao Lonicera; Flos Lonicerae; Jin yin hua Scute Root; Radix Scutellariae; Huang qin Coptis Root; Rhizoma Coptidis; Huang lian Phellodendron Bark; Cortex Phellodendri; Huang bai Isatis Root; Radix Isatidis seu Baphicacanthi; Ban lan gen Isatis Leaf; Folium Isatidis; Da qing ye Dandelion; Herba Taraxaci; Pu gong ying Pulsatilla Root; Radix Pulsatillae; Bai tou weng Patrinia Herb; Herba Patriniae; Bai jiang cao Scrophularia Root; Radix Scrophulariae; Xuan shen Paris Rhizome; Rhizome Paridis; Chong lou Chapter 15. Natural Antitumor Herbs: Complementary Therapy to Aid the Fight for Survival Oldenlandia; Herba Oldenlandia diffusa; Bai hua she she cao Lobelia; Herba Lobeliae; Ban bian lian Scute Barbata; Herba Scutellariae Barbatae; Ban zhi lian Rabdosia; Herba Rabdosiae; Dong ling cao Akebia Quinata Fruit; Fructus Akebiae; Ba yue zha Black Nightshade; Herba Solani Nigri; Long kui Houttuynia; Herba Houttuyniae; Yu xing cao Subprostrate Sophora Root; Radix Sophora; Shan dou gen Zedoaria; Rhizoma Curcumae Zedoaria; E zhu Semiaquilegia Root; Radix Semiaquilegiae; Tian kui Duchesnea; Herba Duchesneae; She mei Sarcandra; Herba Sarcandra glabra; Jiu jie cha or Guan yin cha 504 507 510 514 518 521 524 527 530 532 535 538 541 545 548 550 552 554 557 559 562 565 568 570 572 PART IV: THE HEALING POWER OF POPULAR HERBAL RECIPES Chapter 16. Herbal Recipes for Energy and Vitality R-1 Shen Fu Tang (Ginseng and Aconite Tonic) R-2 Si Jun Zi Tang (Decoction of Combination of Four Noble Herbs) R-3 Ren Shen Yang Rong Tang (Ginseng and Rehmannia Nourishing Formula) 577 577 577 578 R-4 Ren Shen Feng Wang Jiang (Ginseng Royal Jelly Oral Liquid) R-5 Sheng Mai Yin or Sheng Mai San (Ginseng and Ophiopogon Combination for Debility) R-6 Gui Pi Tang (Ginseng and Longan Spleen and Heart Tonic Formula) R-7 Shen Qi Gao (Wan) (Ginseng and Astragalus Qi Tonic) R-8 Wu Jia Shen Gao or Ci Wu Jia Gao (Siberian Ginseng Extract Tonic) R-9 Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang (Ginseng and Astragalus Combination Vital Energy Tonic Pills) R-10 Yu Ping Feng San (Astragalus and Siler Immune Tonic Formula) R-11 Yi Guan Jian (Glehnia and Rehmannia Combination for Nourishing the Yin) R-12 Yu Quan Wan (Trichosanthes Formula for Diabetes) R-13 Shen Ling Bai Zhu San (Ginseng, Poria, and Atractylodes Stomachic Formula) R-14 Li Zhong Tang (Ginseng and Ginger Combination Stomach-Warming Decoction) Chapter 17. Herbal Recipes for Blood Nourishment and Female Ailments R-15 Si Wu Tang (Chinese Angelica and Rehmannia Four Combination) R-16 Tao Hong Si Wu Tang (Chinese Angelica and Carthamus Formula for Replenishing Blood) R-17 Dang Gui Wan (Chinese Angelica Pills) R-18 Ba Zhen Wan (Eight Precious Herbs for Women) R-19 Wu Ji Bai Feng Wan (Chicken Phoenix Pills for Women) R-20 Geng Nian An (Rehmannia and Polygonum Combination Menopause Pills) R-21 Dang Gui Shao Yao Wan (Chinese Angelica and Peony Liver Stagnation Formula) Chapter 18. Herbal Recipes That Balance the Yin and Yang R-22 Liu Wei Di Huang Wan (Six Herb Kidney Essence Tonic) 579 579 580 581 581 582 583 583 584 585 585 587 587 588 588 589 589 590 591 593 593 R-23 Mai Wei Di Huang Wan (Eight Herb Longevity Pill) R-24 Shen Qi Wan (Jin Gui Shen Qi Wan) (Rehmannia Kidney-Yang Tonic Formula) R-25 Qi Ju Di Huang Wan (Lycium Fruit, Chrysanthemum, and Rehmannia Eyesight Tonic Pill) R-26 Qi Bao Mei Ran Dan (Seven Treasure Antiaging Rejuvenation Formula) R-27 Er Xian Tang (Morinda and Epimedium Meridian Balancing Formula) R-28 Si Shen Wan (Four Miraculous Herb Spleenand Kidney-Yang Tonic Formula) R-29 He Shou Wu Wan (Shou Wu Wan) (Polygonum and Rehmannia Antiaging Formula) R-30 Nan Bao (Ginseng and Epimedium Combination Male Treasure Pills) Chapter 19. Recipes That Benefit the Heart and the Brain R-31 Dan Shen Yin (Salvia and Amomum Fruit Angina Formula) R-32 Fu Fang Dan Shen Pian (Compound Formula of Salvia Heart Tablet) R-33 Guan Xin Bing II (Coronary Heart Formula II) R-34 Bu Yang Huan Wu Tang (Ginseng and Astragalus Paralysis Formula) R-35 Jian Nao Bu Shen Wan (Ginseng and Zizyphus Combination Brain Tonic) R-36 Yue Ju Wan or Xiong Zhu Wan (Cyperus Antistagnation and Depression Pill) R-37 Ban Xia Hou Po Tang (Pinellia and Magnolia Stagnation Pill) R-38 Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang (Peach Kernel and Carthamus Blood Stasis Formula) R-39 Huo Xue Tong Mai Pian (Safflower and Cyperus Coronary Circulation Formula) Chapter 20. Herbal Recipes That Ease the Mind R-40 Suan Zao Ren Tang (Zizyphus Essence Tonic) R-41 Xiao Yao Wan (Bupleurum and Chinese Angelica Ease Formula) 594 594 595 595 596 597 597 598 599 599 599 600 601 601 602 603 603 604 605 605 605 R-42 Dan Zhi Xiao Yao Wan (Bupleurum and Peony Ease Pills) R-43 An Shen Bu Xin Wan (Albizzia Bark Sedative and Heart Tonic) R-44 Bai Zi Yang Xin Wan (Biota Seed Mind-Easing Tonic) R-45 Tian Wang Bu Xin Wan (Ginseng and Zizyphus Mind-Easing and Heart Tonic Formula) Chapter 21. Herbal Recipes to Relieve Colds, Internal Ailments, and Pains R-46 Yin Qiao Jie Du Pian (Lonicera Flower and Forsythia Cold and Detoxification Formula) R-47 Tong Xuan Li Fei Pian (Ephedra and Perilla Cold Formula) R-48 Huo Xiang Zheng Qi Wan (Agastache Gastrointestinal Flu Pills) R-49 Chuan Xiong Cha Tiao San (Chuan Xiong Headache Relief Formula) R-50 Chai Hu Shu Gan Tang (Bupleurum and Cyperus Liver-Soothing Formula) R-51 Xiao Huo Luo Dan (Arisaema and Aconite Qi-Activating Formula) R-52 Shu Gan Wan (White Peony and Melia Liver-Soothing Formula) R-53 Xiao Chai Hu Tang (Minor Bupleurum Mediation Formula) R-54 Fu Zi Li Zhong Tang (Aconite and Ginger Stomachache Formula) R-55 Tian Ma Wan (Gastrodia and Eucommia Pain Formula) R-56 Yuan Hu Zhi Tong Wan (Corydalis and Angelica Pain Formula) R-57 Qiang Huo Sheng Shi Tang (Notopterygium and Pubescent Angelica Pain Formula) R-58 Du Huo Ji Sheng Tang (Pubescent Angelica and Loranthus Pain Formula) R-59 Ping Wei San (Magnolia and Ginger Peptic Formula) R-60 Xiao Jian Zhong ...
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