End of Sectin Review Questions

End of Sectin Review Questions - IR 210 End of Section...

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Unformatted text preview: IR 210 End of Section Review Questions 2010 1. What is the security dilemma ? What causes it? How do states respond to this condition? Do all states respond to it in the same way? Security dilemma by t rying to be secure to protecting itself by building up its army up it has created insecurities in others so others respond by building up theirs so you reciprocate arms race o Usually because of states Take care of own Examples o USA in Iraq and then Afghanistan security dilemma in Iran o One in India because we are close to Pakistan Anarchy self-help and the security dilemma o The international system is anarchic o Power is in the nation state o No international government o Dont surrender power to a common authority How different states respond to the security dilemma 2. What are the essential differences between maintainers, reformers and transformers? Refer specifically to the differences in key assumptions as presented in Lamys worldviews or Martin Wights traditions. How would individuals from each worldview respond to claims that globalization is undermining the power of the state? Maintainer/Machiavellian/Realist make the state strong, want to take full advantage of the system o National security o Keep the system o Cant change the system o Henry Bull System is anarchic o No common power o No central government o States are primary actors o USA best can believe is balance of power Neoisolationism Take care of domestic problems Stay closer to home Quite foreign policy Selective engagement USA should be engaged at certain t imes depending on our interests/goals o Foreign policy sextant o Stay capitalist o Stay with western values o USA regimes and collective security Cooperative security Some say UN should have ability to get together coalit ions Reformer/Grotian cooperative problem solving, biggest danger att itude of the maintainers o Common security o Change the system within the bounds of the system o Wants little changes o Can learn to be good, best way to be learn to be good is education Transformers/Kant ian/Marxist more democrat ic/equal, emancipatory goal o Human security freedom from fear o Completely change the system o Rules need to be booted o Kantian Kind of good, bad governments/people/buildings get in the way of the good Negative impact of globalization o Depends on your world view o Maintainer state is still powerful, give state more power Capitalist market will makes it choices, let the market run o Transformer capitalism got us into this, cant reform globalization, need to start over again Globalization from below Starbucks is becoming more localized, response to people that want a local setting; buy local is response to globalization True capitalist (Adams Smith) are transformers Goods, peoples, ideas, services will have free flow Do not believe in monopoly o Neo liberal institutionalist (reformers) dont want to give up too...
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End of Sectin Review Questions - IR 210 End of Section...

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