End of Sectin Review Questions Study Group Version

End of Sectin Review Questions Study Group Version - 1 What...

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1. What is the security dilemma ? What causes it? How do states respond to this condition? Do all states respond to it in the same way? Theory that when one state tries to increase its security by increasing its weapons and forces, other states see it as a threat and react by also increasing their weapons and forces. o Can lead to conflict even when neither state desires it. o For example: presence of America in Iraq and Afghanistan to build democratic nations. Most people believe that their heavy presence in the region is why Iran is building nuclear weapons. Maintainers: build up their security and get deadlier weapons Reformers: form alliances with other states for protection and aid Transformers: Human race is the most important. Cosmopolitan rights, global federations believe in disbarment- get to the root of the problem. If states weren’t allowed to have weapons it wouldn’t create a dilemma in the first place. 2. What are the essential differences between maintainers, reformers and transformers? Refer specifically to the differences in key assumptions as presented in Lamy’s worldviews or Martin Wight’s traditions. How would individuals from each worldview respond to claims that globalization is undermining the power of the state? ANSWER 1 System Maintainers hold that the most important actor in international relations is nations states, and the most powerful states being the most important. Maintainer’s of nation states wish to ‘maintain’ their power relative to other states. Maintainers utilize a self-help system to carry out policies. They seek power economically, militarily, and politically first and foremost to improve their state and insure national advancement. They interact cooperatively with other nations so long as their national interest still rules. Stability is accomplished through a balance of power where by conflicts are deterred and through alliances. Maintainers believe that globalization will make nation states obsolete as their national power decreases and becomes less important. System reformers believe power must be divided between nation-states, international and regional organizations, and non-governmental organizations. Reformers seek to insure international security through multilateral cooperation using international institutions. Economic, political, and sociocultural concerns are also addressed through international institutions. Nation-states coordinate their activities and cooperate with each other accordingly. The ideal reality would be a community of nation-states where members are encouraged for common policy practices in the most common issue areas. These communities aim at creating a multilateral environment with a universal behavior to protect its citizens. Globalization does not undermine the power of the state, but in actuality advances the state’s power due to a multilateral cooperation with other nation-states. This cooperation
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