Midterm IDs

Midterm IDs - S hort I dentification Q uestions 1 The...

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Short Identification Questions 1. The Sunshine Policy Kim’s “sunshine policy” led to the historic summit with Kim Jong-Il in February 2000, to discuss venues for national unification o Sunshine policy – reunited families 2. The China-centered tributary system (Kang) Why Mao was eager to aid Ho Chi Minh? o Historical factor – like Korean, Vietnam was within China’s traditional sphere of influence (tributary system) 3. Hierarchical Stability Theory (Kim) Hierarchical Stability Theory (latest theorizing based on unique Asian experiences) (Kang, Shambaugh to some extent) 4. The “Hub-and-Spokes system” Impact of the end of the Cold War o USA’s bilateral military alliances often referred to as the USA “hub-and- spokes” system continue to be viewed as the stabilizing factor in the region 5. Collective memory (in regards to identity politics) (James Wertsch) Collective memory is a form of representation of the past, but the representation process is linked with “identity politics” It has dual functions: o Collective truth o Instrumentally make the past useable to serve present and future objectives 6. 1937 Nanjing Massacre The 1937 Nanjing Massacre (received unprecedented within and outside China)—the most important one 7. ‘ASEAN Way’ (Acharya)
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Karl Deutsch’s concept of “security communities” is central to Amitav Acharya’s constructivist interpretation of the “ASEAN Way” as the basis of ASEAN security community The “ASEAN Way” stresses informality (organization minimalism), inclusiveness , intensive consultations leading to consensus and confidence- building which in turn can form a collective identity over time o Informality – non binding agreements, dialogue Sovereign equality The non-recourse to the use of force and the peaceful settlement of conflict Non-interference and on-intervention The non-involvement of ASEAN to address unresolved bilateral conflict between members Quiet diplomacy Mutual respect and tolerance 8. Pacifist vs. Revisionist (in regards to Japan) Constructivist: Japan’s political culture has changed as pacifism has been reinforced through postwar norms and institutions based on Article 9 of the Constitution. (Peter Katzenstein) Classical Realists (Kenneth Pyle, 2007) argued that Japan has always been Realist and is returning to its roots in many respects (Green, p. 972). Michael Green agreed. 9. ‘Two-level game’ (from Shambaugh) 10. The Sino-Soviet Alliance The Korean War strengthened Sino-Soviet alliance and China’s intervention to assist the North Korean comrades inspired other communist movements like Viet Minh (Ho Chi Minh) What caused the breakdown of the Sino-Soviet alliance in 1969?
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Midterm IDs - S hort I dentification Q uestions 1 The...

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