Midterm IDs 3

Midterm IDs 3 - S hort I dentification Q uestions 1. The...

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Short Identification Questions 1. The Sunshine Policy a policy to reunite family members that were separated by the North and South Korean split three basic principles o no armed provocation by the north will be tolerated o the south will not attempt to absorb the North in any way o the south actively seeks cooperation started by Kim Dae Jung, South Korean president, in 1998 and resulted in greater political contact between the two nations and resulted in the Summit Meetings o Pyongyang in June 2000, breaking ground on several high profile business ventures 2. The China-centered tributary system (Kang) Korea and Vietnam are under Chinas traditional sphere of influence o Chinese used this as an effective mechanism for exacting compliance from neighboring states and peoples on important matters of political, defensive, economic, and diplomatic concern to China This system helped China reaffirm their position as the middle kingdom, centering all relations around them 3. Hierarchical Stability Theory (Goh) 4. The “Hub-and-Spokes system” American led bilateral military alliances, America alone is at the hub, while allies focus on their own self interests o This is to stabilize the region, as America is the key stabilizer Emphasize the important of the US in the Pacific Rim 5. Collective memory (in regards to identity politics) (James Wertsch) a form of representation of the past, but this process is linked with “identity politics” has dual functions o collective truth o instrumentally make the past useable to serve present and future objectives 6. 1937 Nanjing Massacre
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the Japanese took over a city of Nanjiang (former capital of China) 20-80,000 women were raped and murdered hundreds of thousands of civilians killed all by the Japanese military o this event was one of the biggest stumbling blocks with other nations and Japan A reason for a lot of the tension between Japan and China 7. ‘ASEAN Way’ (Acharya) The “ASEAN Way” stresses informality (organization minimalism), inclusiveness , intensive consultations leading to consensus and confidence-building which in turn can form a collective identity over time o Informality – non binding agreements, dialogue Sovereign equality The non-recourse to the use of force and the peaceful settlement of conflict Non-interference and on-intervention Decision making by consensus The non-involvement of ASEAN to address unresolved bilateral conflict between members Quiet diplomacy Mutual respect and tolerance 8. Pacifist vs. Revisionist (in regards to Japan) Constructivist: Japan’s political culture has changed as pacifism has been reinforced through postwar norms and institutions based on Article 9 of the Constitution. (Peter Katzenstein) Classical Realists (Kenneth Pyle, 2007) argued that Japan has always been Realist and is returning to its roots in many respects (Green, p. 972). Michael Green agreed.
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Midterm IDs 3 - S hort I dentification Q uestions 1. The...

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