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Unformatted text preview: IR 360: International Relations of the Pacific Rim Notes 4-13-2010 Critical Security Studies (CSS) in the Asia-Pacific • Critical Security Study Approaches o It was Ken Booth, who coins the phase “critical security studies” in 1994. Booth draws intellectual inspiration from Kenneth Boulding, Johan Galtung, and Richard Falk. o Richard Wyn Jones (Security, Strategy, and Critical Theory) draws intellectual tradition from Habermas where the focus of critical theory is on emancipation . o For Booth, “emancipation” should logically be given precedence in our thinking about security over the main stream themes of “ power and order .” o He defined “emancipation” as “freeing the people (as individuals and groups) from the physical and human constraints which stop them from carrying out what they would freely choose to do. o In summary, the Welsh School of Critical Security Studies offers a clear alternative foundation for thinking about security, especially in the Third World countries. It is explicit in terms of normative focus in that emancipation is the goal of studying security. • CSS’s Critique of Constructivism o Not only that they challenged Political Realism, CST strongly criticized Constructivists’ understanding for perpetuating human insecurities in the Asia-Pacific by advocating ASEAN norms which emphasize “national resilience” or “state-sovereignty and non- intervention . • Critical Security Study Approaches o Emancipation is security, a challenge to Asian elites driven norms: ASEAN norms as a practice that facilitates the suppression of dissent and pretext for internal suppression. Allowed internal violence without the danger of internal destabilization. o The Link between Human Security and CSS CSS extends national security to the realms of domestic security, Put pressure on Asian states to harmonize their norms with human security, Advocate context-specific analyses rather than general theory, Advocacy is necessary to make difference for real people in real places. •...
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This note was uploaded on 01/22/2011 for the course IR 360 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at USC.
- Spring '08