Test2 - Test #2 Chapter 8 HISTORY: newspaper o The inverted...

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Test #2 Chapter 8 HISTORY: newspaper o The inverted pyramid 1. Most important Facts first (who what when where why) 2. Supplementary Information Began with most dramatic newsworthy information WRITING STYLE OBJJECTIVE JOURNALISM USES o Penny press and mass circulation New York Sun launched by printer Benjamin Day 1833 Called penny press because they sold the sun for a penny for copy. (instead of subscription sales-NO SUBSCRIPTIONS) Introduced growth of literacy, rising middle class, improved printing New technology (steam powered press) New definition of news: focus on middle class, not elite Advent of professional reporters to collect news Favored human interest stories (19 th cent=crime stories) o Yellow journalism feeds demand hearst N.Y. World vs Pulitzer N.Y. Journal-Sensationsal reporting (yellow journalism) Overstatement of fact=overdramatic Emphasis on undue aspects of the situation
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Introduction of bias Association of the subject of the story with irrelevant issue Frivolous treatment of story Over-produced ( screaming headlines, graphic illustrations) Pulitzer and the NEW YORK WORLD Encouraged plain writing and inclusion of maps and illustrations CRIME Hearst and the NEW YORK JOURNAL Large headline and bold layout designs Hired gangsters o New York Times and “just the facts” MOEDERN journalism Emphasis on facts Objectivity: attempt to report all sides of a story Thorough coverage of a story Ochs purchases the Times in 1896: focus on thorough news coverage, builds circulation. The Times becomes one of Americas best newspapers Favored major events or issues OBJECTIVE JOURNALISM Modern reporters strive to maintain neutral attitude toward the issue Search out competing points of view Distinguishes factual reports from opinion columns o Interpretive journalism debuts in 1920 WW1 Interpretive journalism Emphasis on facts but makes greater attempt to analyze complex news events
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Objectivity is enhanced by index coverage and analysis Aims to explain key events and place them in a broader historical content TOOK AND ANALYTIC TURN o Attack on objectivity Objectivity has its Limits Objective, fact-oriented stories become less desirable after McCarthyism, LBJ’s Golf of Tonkin Watergate scandal creates further adversarial relationship between government and press “all the president’s men” Woodrow and Bernstein o Literacy forms of journalism Advocacy Journalism- a reporter actively promotes a particular viewpoint Precision Journalism - attempts to push news more in the direction of science-weatherman Became important throughout the 1990s Literacy Journalism- (NEW JOURNALISM) adapted fictional story lines to non-fictional and in-depth reporting Descriptive details and settings and character dialogue
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This note was uploaded on 01/22/2011 for the course MC 64842 taught by Professor Sanders during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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Test2 - Test #2 Chapter 8 HISTORY: newspaper o The inverted...

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