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ENG101 Human Cloning Paper - Fountain 1 George Fountain III...

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Fountain 1 George Fountain III April 13, 2010 English 101- Lindsay Rerecich A New Impression of “Human Cloning” Human cloning should not continue to be banned around the world. As long as human cloning is strictly regulated, it can benefit many people in the future. On February 24, 1997, scientists in Scotland managed to clone a sheep named Dolly, which was the first successful cloning attempt of an adult mammal (Knoppers 1). The researchers used a mammary gland cell’s nucleus from a sheep egg with a removed nucleus. The nuclei were fused together using electrical pulses, prompting the new egg to divide and form an embryo (Stith-Coleman 1). On March 4, 1997, President Bill Clinton urged all executive departments and agencies to make it "absolutely clear that no federal funds will be used for human cloning” (Stith-Coleman 2). He also wanted the private sector to announce a voluntary ban on human cloning until the National Bioethics Advisory Commission (NBAC) completed a thorough evaluation. By 1998, the ban was introduced by Congress in the "Cloning Prohibition Act of 1997” (Stith-Coleman 1). In 2005, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) ruled to “ban both reproductive and research cloning and it noted some nations voted no or did not vote at all because they wanted a ban on reproductive cloning but not the research variety” (Breimer 2). Since March of 2009, President Barack Obama has decided to deal with human cloning with a different perspective. President Obama announced that he will make certain that the government never "opens the door" for human cloning, before signing off on an order which
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Fountain 2 would raise boundaries on federal funding for embryonic stem cell research (“Obama Says Government Will Not Open the Door for Human Cloning” 1). Critics argue that this research can lead to human cloning, but Obama said the United States government would develop "strict guidelines" in order to avoid such experimentation (“Obama Says Government Will Not Open the Door for Human Cloning” 1). Former President George W. Bush was the first to officially approve federal support for stem cell research but limited it to only 78 known stem cell lines, which made it difficult for scientists because it presented them with not enough cell lines to research, since “only 16 of the original 78 were even suitable” (“Obama Says Government Will Not Open the Door for Human Cloning” 1). Cloning for organs or tissues of twins for the use of xenotransplantation is a great advantage of human cloning. Xenotransplantation is any procedure that includes the transplantation, implantation, or infusion of a human recipient of either “(a) live cells, tissues, or organs from a nonhuman animal source, or (b) human body fluids, cells, tissues or organs that have had ex vivo contact with live nonhuman animal cells, tissues or organs” (“Xenotransplantation”). Ten patients die each day while on the waiting list to receive lifesaving vital organ transplants, within the United States (“Xenotransplantation”). It would solve the
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