TitrationCurves (2)

TitrationCurves (2) - Volume of NaOH added(mL pH 0 2.32...

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Unformatted text preview: Volume of NaOH added (mL) pH 0 2.32 0.67 2.36 1.68 2.43 2.68 2.53 3.71 2.63 4.67 2.72 5.75 2.84 6.74 2.93 7.68 3.03 8.67 3.12 9.76 3.24 10.77 3.34 11.68 3.43 12.77 3.55 13.69 3.65 14.67 3.77 15.69 3.89 16.78 4.02 17.85 4.11 18.67 4.22 19.67 4.31 20.66 4.42 21.68 4.53 22.67 4.62 23.59 4.74 24.59 4.85 25.56 4.98 26.75 5.16 27.67 5.32 28.58 5.55 29.58 5.94 30.47 9.29 31.47 10.84 32.44 11.1 33.39 11.28 34.4 11.42 35.43 11.51 36.39 11.58 37.39 11.63 38.32 11.68 39.38 11.72 40.34 11.76 41.4 11.79 42.29 11.82 43.24 11.85 44.24 11.88 45.3 11.9 46.21 11.92 47.19 11.94 Rough Titration Curve 14 12 10 8 pH 6 4 2 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Volume of NaOH added (mL) 48.17 49.09 50.09 51.19 11.96 11.97 11.99 12 Volume of NaOH added (mL) pH Volume of NaOH pH' 29.36 6.03 29.37 29.39 6.05 29.4 29.42 6.07 29.43 29.44 6.11 29.46 29.47 6.13 29.5 29.53 6.19 29.54 29.56 6.22 29.57 29.58 6.25 29.6 29.61 6.28 29.63 29.64 6.32 29.65 29.67 6.35 29.7 29.72 6.41 29.74 29.75 6.45 29.77 29.78 6.49 29.8 29.82 6.56 29.84 29.86 6.65 29.88 29.89 6.74 29.91 29.92 6.81 29.93 29.95 6.92 29.96 29.98 7.08 29.99 30 7.27 30.02 30.03 7.63 30.05 30.06 8.1 30.07 30.09 8.52 30.1 30.12 8.79 30.13 30.14 9.05 30.16 30.17 9.22 30.19 30.2 9.32 30.21 30.23 9.44 30.24 30.26 9.54 30.27 30.28 9.64 30.3 30.31 9.7 30.33 30.34 9.79 30.35 30.37 9.83 30.38 30.4 9.88 30.42 30.45 9.96 0.71 0.71 1.43 0.71 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.43 1.07 1.07 1.43 1.43 1.67 2.14 3.21 2.5 3.93 5.71 6.79 12.86 16.79 15 9.64 9.29 6.07 3.57 4.29 3.57 3.57 2.14 3.21 1.43 1.79 1.43 Accurate Titration 12 11 10 9 pH 8 7 6 5 4 29.2 29.4 29.6 29.8 30 30.2 30.4 30. Volume of NaOH added (mL) maximum: (30.046, 16.7857142857151) Accurate Titration C 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 29.2 pH 29.4 29.6 29.8 30 Volume of NaOH added (m 7 6 5 29.2 29.4 29.6 29.8 30 Volume of NaOH added (m curate Titration Curve 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 9.8 30 0 30.2 30.4 30.6 Change in pH Column B Column D f NaOH added (mL) rate Titration Curve 29.6 29.8 30 30.2 30.4 30.6 Volume of NaOH added (mL) 29.6 29.8 30 30.2 30.4 30.6 Volume of NaOH added (mL) Volume of NaOH added (mL) pH Derivatve 0 2.32 0.67 2.36 1.68 2.43 2.68 2.53 3.71 2.63 4.67 2.72 5.75 2.84 6.74 2.93 7.68 3.03 8.67 3.12 9.76 3.24 10.77 3.34 11.68 3.43 12.77 3.55 13.69 3.65 14.67 3.77 15.69 3.89 16.78 4.02 17.85 4.11 18.67 4.22 19.67 4.31 20.66 4.42 21.68 4.53 22.67 4.62 23.59 4.74 24.59 4.85 25.56 4.98 26.75 5.16 27.67 5.32 28.58 5.55 29.58 5.94 30.47 9.29 31.47 10.84 32.44 11.1 33.39 11.28 34.4 11.42 35.43 11.51 36.39 11.58 37.39 11.63 38.32 11.68 39.38 11.72 40.34 11.76 41.4 11.79 42.29 11.82 43.24 11.85 44.24 11.88 45.3 11.9 46.21 11.92 47.19 11.94 48.17 49.09 50.09 51.19 29.36 29.39 29.42 29.44 29.47 29.53 29.56 29.58 29.61 29.64 29.67 29.72 29.75 29.78 29.82 29.86 29.89 29.92 29.95 29.98 30 30.03 30.06 30.09 30.12 30.14 30.17 30.2 30.23 30.26 30.28 30.31 30.34 30.37 30.4 30.45 11.96 11.97 11.99 12 6.03 6.05 6.07 6.11 6.13 6.19 6.22 6.25 6.28 6.32 6.35 6.41 6.45 6.49 6.56 6.65 6.74 6.81 6.92 7.08 7.27 7.63 8.1 8.52 8.79 9.05 9.22 9.32 9.44 9.54 9.64 9.7 9.79 9.83 9.88 9.96 Data 1st Derivative Volume of NaOH added (mL) pH Volume of NaOH pH' 29.36 6.03 29.37 29.39 6.05 29.4 29.42 6.07 29.43 29.44 6.11 29.46 29.47 6.13 29.5 29.53 6.19 29.54 29.56 6.22 29.57 29.58 6.25 29.6 29.61 6.28 29.63 29.64 6.32 29.65 29.67 6.35 29.7 29.72 6.41 29.74 29.75 6.45 29.77 29.78 6.49 29.8 29.82 6.56 29.84 29.86 6.65 29.88 29.89 6.74 29.91 29.92 6.81 29.93 29.95 6.92 29.96 29.98 7.08 29.99 30 7.27 30.02 30.03 7.63 30.05 30.06 8.1 30.07 30.09 8.52 30.1 30.12 8.79 30.13 30.14 9.05 30.16 30.17 9.22 30.19 30.2 9.32 30.21 30.23 9.44 30.24 30.26 9.54 30.27 30.28 9.64 30.3 30.31 9.7 30.33 30.34 9.79 30.35 30.37 9.83 30.38 30.4 9.88 30.42 30.45 9.96 0.71 0.71 1.43 0.71 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.43 1.07 1.07 1.43 1.43 1.67 2.14 3.21 2.5 3.93 5.71 6.79 12.86 16.79 15 9.64 9.29 6.07 3.57 4.29 3.57 3.57 2.14 3.21 1.43 1.79 1.43 pH 18 16 14 12 10 8 Change in pH 6 4 2 0 29.4 29. 29.2 29.6 Volume of Na pH' 18 16 14 12 10 8 ge in pH 6 4 2 0 29.4 29.8 30.2 30.6 29.2 29.6 30 30.4 Volume of NaOH added (mL) pH' Titration of weak acid with strong base Cb= Ca= Va= K1= K2= Kw= 0.1 0.02 100 0 0 0 pH 0.1 0.2 0.3 0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1 0.12 0.14 0.16 0.18 0.2 0.22 0.24 0.26 0.28 0.3 0.32 0.34 0.36 0.38 0.4 0.42 0.44 0.46 0.48 0.5 0.52 0.54 0.56 0.58 0.6 0.62 0.64 0.66 0.68 0.7 0.72 0.74 0.76 0.78 0.8 0.82 0.84 0.86 [H+] 0.79 0.63 0.5 1 0.95 0.91 0.87 0.83 0.79 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.6 0.58 0.55 0.52 0.5 0.48 0.46 0.44 0.42 0.4 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.3 0.29 0.28 0.26 0.25 0.24 0.23 0.22 0.21 0.2 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.14 [OH­] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 alpha HA­ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 alpha A2­ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 psi ­5.86 ­5.69 ­5.5 ­6 ­5.97 ­5.95 ­5.92 ­5.89 ­5.86 ­5.83 ­5.8 ­5.76 ­5.73 ­5.69 ­5.66 ­5.62 ­5.58 ­5.54 ­5.5 ­5.45 ­5.41 ­5.36 ­5.31 ­5.27 ­5.22 ­5.17 ­5.11 ­5.06 ­5 ­4.95 ­4.89 ­4.83 ­4.77 ­4.71 ­4.64 ­4.58 ­4.51 ­4.45 ­4.38 ­4.31 ­4.24 ­4.17 ­4.1 ­4.03 ­3.96 ­3.88 ­3.81 Vb ­88.67 ­86.14 ­83.16 ­90.79 ­90.39 ­89.99 ­89.56 ­89.13 ­88.67 ­88.2 ­87.71 ­87.21 ­86.69 ­86.14 ­85.59 ­85.01 ­84.41 ­83.8 ­83.16 ­82.51 ­81.83 ­81.14 ­80.42 ­79.69 ­78.93 ­78.15 ­77.36 ­76.54 ­75.7 ­74.85 ­73.97 ­73.07 ­72.16 ­71.22 ­70.27 ­69.3 ­68.31 ­67.3 ­66.28 ­65.24 ­64.19 ­63.12 ­62.05 ­60.95 ­59.85 ­58.74 ­57.62 0.88 0.9 0.92 0.94 0.96 0.98 1 1.02 1.04 1.06 1.08 1.1 1.12 1.14 1.16 1.18 1.2 1.22 1.24 1.26 1.28 1.3 1.32 1.34 1.36 1.38 1.4 1.42 1.44 1.46 1.48 1.5 1.52 1.54 1.56 1.58 1.6 1.62 1.64 1.66 1.68 1.7 1.72 1.74 1.76 1.78 1.8 1.82 1.84 1.86 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.09 0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.01 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ­3.73 ­3.66 ­3.58 ­3.51 ­3.43 ­3.35 ­3.28 ­3.2 ­3.13 ­3.05 ­2.97 ­2.9 ­2.82 ­2.75 ­2.68 ­2.6 ­2.53 ­2.46 ­2.39 ­2.32 ­2.25 ­2.18 ­2.11 ­2.05 ­1.98 ­1.92 ­1.86 ­1.8 ­1.74 ­1.68 ­1.62 ­1.56 ­1.51 ­1.45 ­1.4 ­1.35 ­1.3 ­1.25 ­1.21 ­1.16 ­1.12 ­1.07 ­1.03 ­0.99 ­0.95 ­0.91 ­0.88 ­0.84 ­0.81 ­0.77 ­56.49 ­55.35 ­54.21 ­53.07 ­51.92 ­50.76 ­49.61 ­48.46 ­47.31 ­46.16 ­45.01 ­43.87 ­42.74 ­41.62 ­40.5 ­39.39 ­38.29 ­37.21 ­36.13 ­35.07 ­34.03 ­33 ­31.98 ­30.98 ­30 ­29.04 ­28.09 ­27.16 ­26.26 ­25.37 ­24.5 ­23.65 ­22.81 ­22 ­21.21 ­20.44 ­19.69 ­18.96 ­18.25 ­17.56 ­16.89 ­16.23 ­15.6 ­14.99 ­14.39 ­13.81 ­13.25 ­12.71 ­12.18 ­11.68 1.88 1.9 1.92 1.94 1.96 1.98 2 2.02 2.04 2.06 2.08 2.1 2.12 2.14 2.16 2.18 2.2 2.22 2.24 2.26 2.28 2.3 2.32 2.34 2.36 2.38 2.4 2.42 2.44 2.46 2.48 2.5 2.52 2.54 2.56 2.58 2.6 2.62 2.64 2.66 2.68 2.7 2.72 2.74 2.76 2.78 2.8 2.82 2.84 2.86 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.1 0.1 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.14 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.16 0.17 0.17 0.18 0.19 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ­0.74 ­0.71 ­0.68 ­0.65 ­0.62 ­0.59 ­0.56 ­0.54 ­0.51 ­0.49 ­0.47 ­0.44 ­0.42 ­0.4 ­0.38 ­0.36 ­0.34 ­0.32 ­0.31 ­0.29 ­0.27 ­0.25 ­0.24 ­0.22 ­0.21 ­0.19 ­0.18 ­0.16 ­0.15 ­0.14 ­0.12 ­0.11 ­0.1 ­0.09 ­0.07 ­0.06 ­0.05 ­0.04 ­0.03 ­0.02 0 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.09 0.1 ­11.18 ­10.71 ­10.25 ­9.8 ­9.37 ­8.95 ­8.55 ­8.16 ­7.78 ­7.42 ­7.06 ­6.72 ­6.39 ­6.07 ­5.76 ­5.46 ­5.17 ­4.89 ­4.62 ­4.35 ­4.1 ­3.85 ­3.61 ­3.37 ­3.14 ­2.92 ­2.7 ­2.49 ­2.28 ­2.08 ­1.88 ­1.68 ­1.49 ­1.3 ­1.12 ­0.93 ­0.75 ­0.58 ­0.4 ­0.23 ­0.05 0.12 0.29 0.46 0.63 0.79 0.96 1.13 1.3 1.47 2.88 2.9 2.92 2.94 2.96 2.98 3 3.02 3.04 3.06 3.08 3.1 3.12 3.14 3.16 3.18 3.2 3.22 3.24 3.26 3.28 3.3 3.32 3.34 3.36 3.38 3.4 3.42 3.44 3.46 3.48 3.5 3.52 3.54 3.56 3.58 3.6 3.62 3.64 3.66 3.68 3.7 3.72 3.74 3.76 3.78 3.8 3.82 3.84 3.86 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.19 0.2 0.21 0.22 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.25 0.26 0.27 0.27 0.28 0.29 0.3 0.31 0.32 0.33 0.34 0.35 0.36 0.37 0.38 0.4 0.41 0.42 0.43 0.44 0.45 0.46 0.47 0.48 0.49 0.5 0.52 0.53 0.54 0.55 0.56 0.57 0.58 0.59 0.6 0.61 0.62 0.63 0.64 0.64 0.65 0.66 0.67 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.17 0.18 0.19 0.2 0.21 0.22 0.24 0.25 0.26 0.27 0.29 0.3 0.31 0.32 0.34 0.35 0.36 0.38 0.39 0.4 0.42 0.43 0.44 0.46 0.47 0.48 0.5 0.51 0.52 0.54 0.55 0.56 0.58 0.59 0.61 0.62 0.63 0.65 0.66 0.67 0.68 0.7 0.71 0.72 0.74 1.64 1.81 1.98 2.15 2.32 2.5 2.67 2.85 3.03 3.21 3.39 3.57 3.76 3.94 4.13 4.32 4.51 4.7 4.89 5.09 5.28 5.48 5.68 5.88 6.08 6.28 6.49 6.69 6.9 7.1 7.31 7.51 7.72 7.92 8.13 8.34 8.54 8.75 8.95 9.16 9.36 9.56 9.76 9.96 10.16 10.36 10.56 10.75 10.95 11.14 3.88 3.9 3.92 3.94 3.96 3.98 4 4.02 4.04 4.06 4.08 4.1 4.12 4.14 4.16 4.18 4.2 4.22 4.24 4.26 4.28 4.3 4.32 4.34 4.36 4.38 4.4 4.42 4.44 4.46 4.48 4.5 4.52 4.54 4.56 4.58 4.6 4.62 4.64 4.66 4.68 4.7 4.72 4.74 4.76 4.78 4.8 4.82 4.84 4.86 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.68 0.68 0.69 0.7 0.7 0.71 0.72 0.72 0.73 0.73 0.74 0.74 0.74 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.74 0.74 0.74 0.73 0.73 0.72 0.72 0.71 0.7 0.7 0.69 0.68 0.68 0.67 0.66 0.65 0.64 0.64 0.63 0.62 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.1 0.1 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.14 0.14 0.15 0.16 0.16 0.17 0.18 0.19 0.19 0.2 0.21 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.24 0.25 0.26 0.27 0.28 0.29 0.3 0.31 0.32 0.33 0.34 0.36 0.75 0.76 0.77 0.79 0.8 0.81 0.82 0.84 0.85 0.86 0.87 0.88 0.89 0.91 0.92 0.93 0.94 0.95 0.96 0.97 0.98 1 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.08 1.09 1.1 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.2 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.28 1.29 1.3 1.31 1.33 11.33 11.52 11.71 11.9 12.09 12.27 12.45 12.64 12.82 12.99 13.17 13.35 13.53 13.7 13.87 14.05 14.22 14.39 14.56 14.73 14.9 15.07 15.24 15.41 15.59 15.76 15.93 16.1 16.27 16.44 16.61 16.79 16.96 17.14 17.31 17.49 17.67 17.85 18.03 18.21 18.39 18.58 18.76 18.95 19.14 19.32 19.51 19.7 19.89 20.08 4.88 4.9 4.92 4.94 4.96 4.98 5 5.02 5.04 5.06 5.08 5.1 5.12 5.14 5.16 5.18 5.2 5.22 5.24 5.26 5.28 5.3 5.32 5.34 5.36 5.38 5.4 5.42 5.44 5.46 5.48 5.5 5.52 5.54 5.56 5.58 5.6 5.62 5.64 5.66 5.68 5.7 5.72 5.74 5.76 5.78 5.8 5.82 5.84 5.86 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.61 0.6 0.59 0.58 0.57 0.56 0.55 0.54 0.53 0.52 0.5 0.49 0.48 0.47 0.46 0.45 0.44 0.43 0.42 0.41 0.4 0.38 0.37 0.36 0.35 0.34 0.33 0.32 0.31 0.3 0.29 0.28 0.27 0.27 0.26 0.25 0.24 0.23 0.22 0.22 0.21 0.2 0.19 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.37 0.38 0.39 0.4 0.41 0.42 0.44 0.45 0.46 0.47 0.48 0.49 0.51 0.52 0.53 0.54 0.55 0.56 0.58 0.59 0.6 0.61 0.62 0.63 0.64 0.65 0.66 0.67 0.68 0.69 0.7 0.71 0.72 0.73 0.74 0.75 0.76 0.77 0.77 0.78 0.79 0.8 0.81 0.81 0.82 0.83 0.83 0.84 0.85 0.85 1.34 1.35 1.37 1.38 1.39 1.4 1.42 1.43 1.44 1.46 1.47 1.48 1.49 1.51 1.52 1.53 1.54 1.56 1.57 1.58 1.59 1.6 1.61 1.63 1.64 1.65 1.66 1.67 1.68 1.69 1.7 1.71 1.72 1.73 1.74 1.75 1.76 1.76 1.77 1.78 1.79 1.8 1.8 1.81 1.82 1.83 1.83 1.84 1.84 1.85 20.28 20.47 20.66 20.86 21.05 21.25 21.44 21.63 21.83 22.02 22.21 22.41 22.6 22.79 22.98 23.16 23.35 23.53 23.72 23.9 24.08 24.25 24.43 24.6 24.77 24.94 25.1 25.26 25.42 25.58 25.73 25.88 26.02 26.17 26.3 26.44 26.57 26.7 26.83 26.95 27.07 27.19 27.3 27.41 27.52 27.62 27.72 27.82 27.91 28 5.88 5.9 5.92 5.94 5.96 5.98 6 6.02 6.04 6.06 6.08 6.1 6.12 6.14 6.16 6.18 6.2 6.22 6.24 6.26 6.28 6.3 6.32 6.34 6.36 6.38 6.4 6.42 6.44 6.46 6.48 6.5 6.52 6.54 6.56 6.58 6.6 6.62 6.64 6.66 6.68 6.7 6.72 6.74 6.76 6.78 6.8 6.82 6.84 6.86 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.14 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.1 0.1 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.86 0.86 0.87 0.87 0.88 0.88 0.89 0.89 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.91 0.91 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 1.86 1.86 1.87 1.87 1.88 1.88 1.89 1.89 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.91 1.91 1.92 1.92 1.92 1.93 1.93 1.93 1.94 1.94 1.94 1.94 1.95 1.95 1.95 1.95 1.95 1.96 1.96 1.96 1.96 1.96 1.96 1.97 1.97 1.97 1.97 1.97 1.97 1.97 1.98 1.98 1.98 1.98 1.98 1.98 1.98 1.98 1.98 28.09 28.18 28.26 28.34 28.41 28.49 28.56 28.63 28.69 28.76 28.82 28.88 28.94 28.99 29.04 29.1 29.14 29.19 29.24 29.28 29.32 29.36 29.4 29.44 29.47 29.51 29.54 29.57 29.6 29.63 29.66 29.68 29.71 29.73 29.75 29.78 29.8 29.82 29.84 29.86 29.87 29.89 29.91 29.92 29.94 29.95 29.97 29.98 29.99 30 6.88 6.9 6.92 6.94 6.96 6.98 7 7.02 7.04 7.06 7.08 7.1 7.12 7.14 7.16 7.18 7.2 7.22 7.24 7.26 7.28 7.3 7.32 7.34 7.36 7.38 7.4 7.42 7.44 7.46 7.48 7.5 7.52 7.54 7.56 7.58 7.6 7.62 7.64 7.66 7.68 7.7 7.72 7.74 7.76 7.78 7.8 7.82 7.84 7.86 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1.98 1.98 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.99 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 30.02 30.03 30.04 30.05 30.06 30.07 30.07 30.08 30.09 30.1 30.11 30.11 30.12 30.13 30.13 30.14 30.14 30.15 30.15 30.16 30.16 30.17 30.17 30.18 30.18 30.18 30.19 30.19 30.19 30.2 30.2 30.2 30.21 30.21 30.21 30.21 30.22 30.22 30.22 30.22 30.22 30.23 30.23 30.23 30.23 30.23 30.23 30.23 30.24 30.24 7.88 7.9 7.92 7.94 7.96 7.98 8 8.02 8.04 8.06 8.08 8.1 8.12 8.14 8.16 8.18 8.2 8.22 8.24 8.26 8.28 8.3 8.32 8.34 8.36 8.38 8.4 8.42 8.44 8.46 8.48 8.5 8.52 8.54 8.56 8.58 8.6 8.62 8.64 8.66 8.68 8.7 8.72 8.74 8.76 8.78 8.8 8.82 8.84 8.86 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 30.24 30.24 30.24 30.24 30.24 30.24 30.25 30.25 30.25 30.25 30.25 30.25 30.25 30.25 30.25 30.25 30.25 30.25 30.25 30.25 30.26 30.26 30.26 30.26 30.26 30.26 30.26 30.26 30.26 30.26 30.26 30.26 30.26 30.26 30.26 30.26 30.26 30.26 30.26 30.26 30.26 30.27 30.27 30.27 30.27 30.27 30.27 30.27 30.27 30.27 8.88 8.9 8.92 8.94 8.96 8.98 9 9.02 9.04 9.06 9.08 9.1 9.12 9.14 9.16 9.18 9.2 9.22 9.24 9.26 9.28 9.3 9.32 9.34 9.36 9.38 9.4 9.42 9.44 9.46 9.48 9.5 9.52 9.54 9.56 9.58 9.6 9.62 9.64 9.66 9.68 9.7 9.72 9.74 9.76 9.78 9.8 9.82 9.84 9.86 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.01 30.27 30.27 30.27 30.27 30.27 30.27 30.27 30.27 30.28 30.28 30.28 30.28 30.28 30.28 30.28 30.28 30.28 30.28 30.28 30.29 30.29 30.29 30.29 30.29 30.29 30.29 30.29 30.3 30.3 30.3 30.3 30.3 30.3 30.31 30.31 30.31 30.31 30.32 30.32 30.32 30.32 30.33 30.33 30.33 30.34 30.34 30.34 30.35 30.35 30.36 9.88 9.9 9.92 9.94 9.96 9.98 10 10.02 10.04 10.06 10.08 10.1 10.12 10.14 10.16 10.18 10.2 10.22 10.24 10.26 10.28 10.3 10.32 10.34 10.36 10.38 10.4 10.42 10.44 10.46 10.48 10.5 10.52 10.54 10.56 10.58 10.6 10.62 10.64 10.66 10.68 10.7 10.72 10.74 10.76 10.78 10.8 10.82 10.84 10.86 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.02 2.02 2.02 2.02 2.02 2.02 2.02 2.02 2.02 2.02 2.02 2.03 2.03 2.03 2.03 2.03 2.03 2.03 2.04 2.04 2.04 2.04 2.04 2.04 2.05 2.05 2.05 2.05 2.06 2.06 2.06 30.36 30.36 30.37 30.37 30.38 30.39 30.39 30.4 30.4 30.41 30.42 30.42 30.43 30.44 30.45 30.46 30.47 30.48 30.49 30.5 30.51 30.52 30.53 30.54 30.56 30.57 30.59 30.6 30.62 30.63 30.65 30.67 30.69 30.71 30.73 30.75 30.78 30.8 30.83 30.85 30.88 30.91 30.94 30.97 31.01 31.04 31.08 31.12 31.16 31.2 10.88 10.9 10.92 10.94 10.96 10.98 11 11.02 11.04 11.06 11.08 11.1 11.12 11.14 11.16 11.18 11.2 11.22 11.24 11.26 11.28 11.3 11.32 11.34 11.36 11.38 11.4 11.42 11.44 11.46 11.48 11.5 11.52 11.54 11.56 11.58 11.6 11.62 11.64 11.66 11.68 11.7 11.72 11.74 11.76 11.78 11.8 11.82 11.84 11.86 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2.06 2.07 2.07 2.07 2.08 2.08 2.09 2.09 2.09 2.1 2.1 2.11 2.11 2.12 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.2 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.28 2.29 2.3 2.32 2.34 2.35 2.37 2.39 2.41 2.43 2.45 2.47 2.49 2.52 2.54 2.57 2.6 2.63 2.66 31.24 31.29 31.34 31.39 31.44 31.5 31.56 31.62 31.69 31.75 31.82 31.9 31.98 32.06 32.15 32.24 32.33 32.43 32.53 32.64 32.76 32.88 33 33.13 33.27 33.42 33.57 33.73 33.9 34.07 34.26 34.45 34.66 34.87 35.1 35.33 35.58 35.84 36.12 36.41 36.71 37.03 37.37 37.72 38.09 38.49 38.9 39.34 39.79 40.28 11.88 11.9 11.92 11.94 11.96 11.98 12 12.02 12.04 12.06 12.08 12.1 12.12 12.14 12.16 12.18 12.2 12.22 12.24 12.26 12.28 12.3 12.32 12.34 12.36 12.38 12.4 12.42 12.44 12.46 12.48 12.5 12.52 12.54 12.56 12.58 12.6 12.62 12.64 12.66 12.68 12.7 12.72 12.74 12.76 12.78 12.8 12.82 12.84 12.86 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.07 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2.7 2.73 2.77 2.81 2.85 2.89 2.94 2.99 3.04 3.1 3.16 3.22 3.29 3.36 3.43 3.51 3.59 3.68 3.78 3.88 3.99 4.11 4.23 4.37 4.51 4.67 4.83 5.01 5.21 5.42 5.65 5.9 6.17 6.47 6.8 7.16 7.56 8 8.5 9.06 9.69 10.4 11.22 12.17 13.28 14.59 16.15 18.07 20.45 23.48 40.79 41.33 41.89 42.49 43.13 43.8 44.5 45.25 46.04 46.88 47.77 48.71 49.71 50.77 51.9 53.1 54.37 55.73 57.18 58.73 60.38 62.15 64.04 66.07 68.25 70.59 73.12 75.84 78.79 81.99 85.46 89.24 93.36 97.88 102.84 108.31 114.36 121.09 128.6 137.04 146.56 157.39 169.8 184.15 200.9 220.7 244.43 273.36 309.36 355.34 12.88 12.9 12.92 12.94 12.96 12.98 13 13.02 13.04 13.06 13.08 13.1 13.12 13.14 13.16 13.18 13.2 13.22 13.24 13.26 13.28 13.3 13.32 13.34 13.36 13.38 13.4 13.42 13.44 13.46 13.48 13.5 13.52 13.54 13.56 13.58 13.6 13.62 13.64 13.66 13.68 13.7 13.72 13.74 13.76 13.78 13.8 13.82 13.84 13.86 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.14 0.14 0.15 0.16 0.17 0.17 0.18 0.19 0.2 0.21 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.25 0.26 0.28 0.29 0.3 0.32 0.33 0.35 0.36 0.38 0.4 0.42 0.44 0.46 0.48 0.5 0.52 0.55 0.58 0.6 0.63 0.66 0.69 0.72 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 27.49 33.03 41.14 54.16 78.44 139.64 586.67 ­276.19 ­113.46 ­72.08 ­53.19 ­42.38 ­35.39 ­30.5 ­26.89 ­24.12 ­21.93 ­20.16 ­18.69 ­17.46 ­16.42 ­15.52 ­14.74 ­14.06 ­13.45 ­12.92 ­12.44 ­12.02 ­11.63 ­11.28 ­10.97 ­10.68 ­10.41 ­10.17 ­9.95 ­9.74 ­9.55 ­9.38 ­9.22 ­9.07 ­8.92 ­8.79 ­8.67 ­8.56 ­8.45 ­8.35 ­8.26 ­8.17 ­8.09 ­8.01 416.04 499.74 622.46 819.45 1186.89 2112.91 8877.12 ­4179.11 ­1716.81 ­1090.64 ­804.81 ­641.28 ­535.48 ­461.49 ­406.89 ­364.98 ­331.83 ­304.98 ­282.8 ­264.2 ­248.39 ­234.8 ­223.01 ­212.68 ­203.58 ­195.5 ­188.29 ­181.82 ­175.99 ­170.71 ­165.92 ­161.55 ­157.56 ­153.89 ­150.53 ­147.42 ­144.56 ­141.91 ­139.45 ­137.17 ­135.05 ­133.07 ­131.22 ­129.5 ­127.89 ­126.38 ­124.96 ­123.64 ­122.39 ­121.22 13.88 13.9 13.92 13.94 13.96 13.98 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.76 0.79 0.83 0.87 0.91 0.95 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ­7.94 ­7.87 ­7.8 ­7.74 ­7.69 ­7.63 ­7.58 ­120.12 ­119.08 ­118.1 ­117.18 ­116.31 ­115.49 ­114.71 Rough Theoretical Titration Curve 14 12 10 8 pH 6 4 2 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Volume of NaOH (mL) Accurate Theoretical Titration Curve 11 10 9 pH 8 7 6 5 28.5 29 29.5 30 30.5 31 31.5 Volume of NaOH (mL) Rough Accurate Volume of NaOH added (mL) pH Volume of NaOH added (mL) pH 0 2.32 29.36 6.03 0.67 2.36 29.39 6.05 1.68 2.43 29.42 6.07 2.68 2.53 29.44 6.11 3.71 2.63 29.47 6.13 4.67 2.72 29.53 6.19 5.75 2.84 29.56 6.22 6.74 2.93 29.58 6.25 7.68 3.03 29.61 6.28 8.67 3.12 29.64 6.32 9.76 3.24 29.67 6.35 10.77 3.34 29.72 6.41 11.68 3.43 29.75 6.45 12.77 3.55 29.78 6.49 13.69 3.65 29.82 6.56 14.67 3.77 29.86 6.65 15.69 3.89 29.89 6.74 16.78 4.02 29.92 6.81 17.85 4.11 29.95 6.92 18.67 4.22 29.98 7.08 19.67 4.31 30 7.27 20.66 4.42 30.03 7.63 21.68 4.53 30.06 8.1 22.67 4.62 30.09 8.52 23.59 4.74 30.12 8.79 24.59 4.85 30.14 9.05 25.56 4.98 30.17 9.22 26.75 5.16 30.2 9.32 27.67 5.32 30.23 9.44 28.58 5.55 30.26 9.54 29.58 5.94 30.28 9.64 30.47 9.29 30.31 9.7 31.47 10.84 30.34 9.79 32.44 11.1 30.37 9.83 33.39 11.28 30.4 9.88 34.4 11.42 35.43 11.51 36.39 11.58 37.39 11.63 38.32 11.68 39.38 11.72 40.34 11.76 41.4 11.79 42.29 11.82 43.24 11.85 44.24 11.88 45.3 11.9 46.21 11.92 Accurate Titration: Experimental/Th 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 Volume of NaOH (mL) pH 29 29.2 29.4 29.6 29.8 30 30.2 30.4 30.6 Rough Titration: Experimental/The 14 12 10 8 pH 6 4 2 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Volume of NaOH (mL) 4 2 0 47.19 48.17 49.09 50.09 51.19 11.94 11.96 11.97 11.99 12 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Volume of NaOH (mL) xperimental/Theoretical Comparison Column D Column B .6 29.8 30 30.2 30.4 30.6 30.8 31 lume of NaOH (mL) perimental/Theoretical Comparison Column B Column B 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 lume of NaOH (mL) 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 lume of NaOH (mL) ...
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