Chapter_13_4E - 13 Training for Sport chapter Learning...

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Unformatted text preview: 13 Training for Sport chapter Learning Objectives Review the factors involved in training, including volume and intensity Be able to differentiate between undertraining, acute overload training, overreaching, and overtraining Learn the causes, signs, and treatment of overtraining syndrome Find out what physiological changes occur during tapering that result in improved performance (continued) Learning Objectives (continued) Discover the strength, power, cardiovascular, and muscular endurance changes that occur due to detraining, inactivity, or immobilization Find out how to reduce training while preventing a decline in endurance and aerobic capacity Individual Adaptations to Training A persons rate of adaptation and response to training is genetically limited and cannot be forced beyond his or her bodys capacity for development. Each individual responds differently to the same training stress. Model of the Continuum of Training Stages in a Periodized Training Mesocycle Adapted, by permission, from L.E. Armstrong and J.L. VanHeest, 2002, The unknown mechanism of the overtraining syndrome, Sports Medicine 32(1): 185-209. The Structure of a Periodized Training Program Adapted, by permission, from R.W. Frye, A.R. Morton, and D. Keast, 1991, "Overtraining in athletes: An update," Sports Medicine 12: 32-65. Training Terminology Undertraining: type of training an athlete would undertake between competitive seasons or during active rest Acute overload: the athlete is stressing the body to the extent necessary to improve physiological function and performance Overreaching: brief period of heavy overload without adequate recovery Overtraining: point at which an athlete experiences physiological maladaptations and chronic performance decrements Excessive Training Volume and/or intensity of training are increased to extreme levels High-intensity training can have negative effects on adaptation (e.g., depletion of muscle glycogen) Athletes may exhibit signs of chronic fatigue or overtraining Influence of Frequency of Swim Training on (a) Blood Lactate Concentrations and (b) Heart Rates During 25 Weeks of Training From the beginning of week 5 through the end of week 10 group 1 trained once per day whereas group 2 trained twice per day. Training Models Key Points Optimal training involves following a model that incorporates the principles of periodization Excessive training is training that is done with an unnecessarily high volume or intensity with little or no additional improvements in conditioning or performance...
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Chapter_13_4E - 13 Training for Sport chapter Learning...

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