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Religion Midterm - Isaiah Wilcox Introduction to Religion...

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Isaiah Wilcox Introduction to Religion October 22, 2010 Introduction to Religion: Midterm Essay 1: Anselm and Aquinas involved themselves in attempts to prove the existence of God. Each proffered a series of claims regarding the existence of the Holy that reaches into the present. Your task is to situate Anselm or Aquinas' 2nd Way into the conversation on the existence of God. In short, you need to pick one of these thinkers and articulate and critique one of the arguments he proposed for the existence of God. How did the world come into existence? Has it always existed? What is our purpose in this world? What happens after our lives are over, the afterlife? These questions are pertinent to the discussion about the existence of God. There are several scholars that have probed the existence of God. One such scholar is St. Thomas Aquinas, author of the Five Ways , an excerpt from his book Summa Theologica , which seeks to prove the existence of God in five different ways. Does a God really exist? This essay uses Aquinas’ second way of efficient cause to explore the thought that there is a God. A critique of his argument will follow. Thomas Aquinas, in his article the Five Ways , argues that God does exist by using his second way of Causation. Aquinas observed that everything in the universe is causal to something else. He essentially meant that everything that exists was created by something else. In addition, Aquinas writes that there is nothing that is the efficient cause of itself; that would mean that it came before
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itself, which is impossible. He also writes that the efficient cause cannot go onto infinity because that would mean that the beginning would never be found.
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