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Chapter 2 Notes Principles of Management

Chapter 2 Notes Principles of Management - Chapter 2 Notes...

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Chapter 2 Notes 1 Chapter 2 Learning Outcomes Follow this Learning Outline as you read and study this chapter. 2.1 Historical Background Of Management. Explain why studying management history is important. Describe some early evidences of management practice. Describe two important historical events that are significant to the study of management. 2.2 Classical Approach. Describe the important contributions made by Frederick W. Taylor and Frank and Lillian Gilbreth. Discuss Fayol’s and Weber’s contributions to management theory. Explain how today’s managers use scientific management and general administrative theory. 2.3 Quantitative Approach. Explain what the quantitative approach has contributed to the field of management. Describe total quality management. Discuss how today’s managers use the quantitative approach . 2.4 Behavioral approach. • Describe the contributions of the early advocates of OB. • Explain the contributions of the Hawthorne Studies to the field of management. • Discuss how today’s managers use the behavioral approach. 2.5 Contemporary Approach Describe an organization using the systems approach. Discuss how the systems approach helps us understand management. Explain how the contingency approach is appropriate for studying management. Historical Background of Management Ancient Management Egypt (pyramids) and China (Great Wall) Venetians (floating warship assembly lines) Adam Smith Published The Wealth of Nations in 1776 Advocated the division of labor (job specialization) to increase the productivity of workers Industrial Revolution Substituted machine power for human labor
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Chapter 2 Notes 2 Created large organizations in need of management Exhibit 2–1 Major Approaches to Management Major Approaches to Management Classical Quantitative Behavioral Contemporary Scientific Management
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