Glossary 2 theories of Personality

Glossary 2 theories of Personality - G lossary Alt ruistic...

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Glossary Altruistic surrender An ego-defense mechanism postulated by Anna Freud by which a person internalizes the values of another person and lives his or her life in accordance with those values. Anal-expulsive character Character type that results from a fixation at the early anal stage. Such a person may have trouble with bowel control and may be overly generous. Anal-retentive character Character type that results from a fixation at the late anal stage. Such a person may suffer from constipation and may be stingy. Anal stage Second psychosexual stage that occurs about the second year of life during which time the anal area is the primary erogenous zone. Anticathexis Expenditure of energy to prevent a cathexis that would cause anxiety Anxiety The general feeling of impending danger. See also Moral anxiety, Neurotic anxiety, and Reality anxiety. Bernheim, Hippolyte (1840–1919) French neurologist from whom Freud learned that one’s behavior can be determined by ideas of which he or she is unaware. He also learned from Bernheim that persons could become aware of unconscious ideas if pressured to do so. Breuer, Josef (1842–1925) Physician who became Freud’s close friend and coauthored Studies on Hysteria (1895). Breuer was the first to use the “talking cure” while treating hysteria, which later evolved into Freud’s technique of free association. Castration anxiety Boy’s fear that he is going to lose his sex organs because they are regarded as the source of difficulty between the boy and his father. Chapter 2 Glossary 1
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Catharsis Emotional relief that results when a person is able to ponder pathogenic ideas consciously. Physical disorders are often relieved following catharsis. Cathexis Investment of psychic energy in the image of an object that will satisfy a need Charcot, Jean-Martin (1825–1893) French neurologist from whom Freud learned that physical disorders could have a psychological origin and that hysteria must, therefore, be taken seriously as a disease. Condensation Form of dream distortion in which one dream element represents several ideas at the same time. Conscience That part of the superego that results from the internalized experiences for which a child had been punished. This component of the personality is responsible for the experience of guilt. See also Ego ideal. Countertransference Phenomenon that sometimes occurs during therapy in which the therapist becomes emotionally involved with a patient denial of reality Some potentially anxiety-provoking aspect of reality is denied despite abundant information testifying to its existence. displaced aggression Aggression directed toward a person or object less threatening than the one causing the aggressive impulse. displacement
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Glossary 2 theories of Personality - G lossary Alt ruistic...

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