Glossary 4 theories of Personality

Glossary 4 theories of Personality - Glossary Chapter 4...

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Glossary Chapter 4 Accusation Form of neurotic aggression that involves blaming other people for one’s shortcomings and seeking revenge against those people. Aggression As a safeguarding strategy, aggression can take three forms: depreciation, accusation, and self- accusation. See also Accusation, Depreciation, and Self- accusation. Avoiding type person Person exhibiting the mistaken lifestyle of avoiding the attempt to solve life’s problems, thereby escaping possible defeat. Such a person lacks adequate social interest. Birth order One of the topics that Adler studied in order to understand personality. He believed that different birth orders created different situations to which children must adjust and that this adjustment may have an influence on personality development. Compensation Making up for a weakness, such as organ inferiority, by emphasizing functions that substitute for the weakness Creative self Free element of the personality that allows the person to choose between alternative fictional goals and lifestyles. It is the differential exercise of this creative power that is mainly responsible for individual differences. Depreciation Neurotic safeguarding strategy whereby one’s accomplishments are overvalued and the accomplishments of others are undervalued. Depreciation can take the form of idealization, whereby standards used to judge people are so high that no real person could live up to them and is thus depreciated. Another form of depreciation is solicitude, whereby neurotics act as if other people could not get along without them. Distancing Safeguarding strategy used by neurotics that involves creating barriers between themselves and their problems in life. According to Adler, distancing can take the forms of moving backward or the use of childlike behavior in order to gain attention and control; standing still or the avoidance of failure by not attempting to do anything; hesitating or becoming involved in diversions until it is too late to confront a problem; constucting obstacles or the creation of minor obstacles so that
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2011 for the course PSY 300 taught by Professor Nacoste during the Spring '07 term at N.C. State.

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Glossary 4 theories of Personality - Glossary Chapter 4...

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