Chapter 3 theories of Personality

Chapter 3 theories of Personality - Chapter 3 Carl Jung...

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Chapter 3 Carl Jung Chapter Outline Biographical Sketch Jung’s Early Dreams, Visions, and Fantasies Jung’s Early Professional Life Jung’s Relationship with Freud Libido and the Principles of Equivalence, Entropy, and Opposites Components of the Personality Persona, Anima, Animus, Shadow, and Self Psychological Types Stages of Development Life’s Goal Causality, Teleology, and Synchronicity Research Techniques Jung’s View of Human Nature Evaluation Summary Experiential Exercises Discussion Questions As we see in this chapter, Jung’s theory of personality is complex. In fact, the picture of human nature that he portrays may be the most complicated developed by any personality theorist. As might be expected, Jung himself was a complicated person. The details of his life often appear to be contradictory. For example, Stern (1976) portrayed Jung as a prepsychotic (if not psychotic), opportunistic person with anti-Semitic and pro-Nazi leanings. On the other hand, Hannah (1976), a Jungian herself and a close friend, portrayed him as a brilliant, sensitive humanitarian who was anything but an anti-Semite or pro-Nazi. The Jung whom Hannah describes is indeed an uncommon, sometimes troubled person with many idiosyncrasies but these, in her opinion, are attributes of a genius, not of a madman. Jung’s autobiography (1961) does not help much because it is, Jung confessed, a combination of myth and fact. It appears that many truths about Jung’s personal life, if they are ever to be known at all, will need to unfold in the future. What follows is a summary of those facts about Jung over which there is little or no disagreement. As far as Jung’s theoretical notions are concerned, as with any other personality theorist, either his ideas are valid and useful or they are not. The personal experiences that gave rise to those ideas may be interesting in themselves but they are scientifically irrelevant. 63 Biographical Sketch Carl Gustav Jung was born on July 26, 1875, in the Swiss village of Kesswyl but grew up in the university town of Basel. Religion was a strong theme running through Jung’s early years. His father, Paul Jung, was a pastor in the Swiss Reformed Church, and his mother, Emilie Preiswerk Jung, was the daughter of a theologian. Jung’s father viewed himself as a failure, and his religion was little comfort to him. As a child, Jung often asked his father penetrating questions concerning religion and life but was unable to obtain satisfactory answers. It became clear to Jung that his father accepted church dogma completely on faith and was never personally touched by real religious experience. According to Jung, these fruitless theological discussions alienated him from his father. Later in Jung’s life, religion became a vital part of his theory, but it was the kind of religion that touched individuals emotionally and had little to do with specific churches or religious dogma.
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Chapter 3 theories of Personality - Chapter 3 Carl Jung...

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