Lesson 2 - Moral Reasoning

Lesson 2 - Moral Reasoning - P1. There is no moral...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 1/25/11 PHIL 1304: Morality and Justice Prof. Matt King Fall 2010 Lesson 2: Moral Reasoning
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1/25/11 Plan for today 1. Moral reasoning, thought, and language 1. Terminology 1. Ethical relativism
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1/25/11 Moral reasoning Compare two sentences: 1. Apples grow on trees. 2. Murder is wrong. Both are statements – but only one is a moral claim. What makes moral claims different? But morality is also concerned with
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1/25/11 Some terminology Actions Permissible (morally ok) Impermissible (or morally wrong) Obligatory (or morally required) Good and bad outcomes (or states of affairs) Rights, duties, and obligations
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1/25/11 Ethical Relativism The std argument for ethical relativism:
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Unformatted text preview: P1. There is no moral principle all societies agree is true. P2. Moral principles get their truth from societal acceptance. C. Therefore, there are no universally true moral 1/25/11 Two More Problems 1. Ethical relativism renders counterintuitive judgments regarding moral innovators 1. Any non-subjective version of relativism seems to reduce to subjectivism 1/25/11 Truth and Knowledge Compare the following claims: 1. Apples grow on trees. 2. Murder is wrong. 3. 2+3=5 4. Nothing (with mass) can travel faster than the speed of light. Difference between somethings being true and how we know it to be true...
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Lesson 2 - Moral Reasoning - P1. There is no moral...

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