stp_tableofcontents

stp_tableofcontents - Contents 1 From Microscopic to...

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Unformatted text preview: Contents 1 From Microscopic to Macroscopic Behavior 1 1.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Some Qualitative Observations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.3 Doing Work and the Quality of Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.4 Some Simple Simulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.5 Measuring the Pressure and Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 1.6 Work, Heating, and the First Law of Thermodynamics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 1.7 *The Fundamental Need for a Statistical Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 1.8 *Time and Ensemble Averages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 1.9 Models of Matter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 1.9.1 The ideal gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 1.9.2 Interparticle potentials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 1.9.3 Lattice models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 1.10 Importance of Simulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 1.11 Dimensionless Quantities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 1.12 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 1.13 Supplementary Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 1.13.1 Approach to equilibrium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 1.13.2 Mathematics refresher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Vocabulary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Additional Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Suggestions for Further Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 2 Thermodynamic Concepts 31 2.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 2.2 The System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 2.3 Thermodynamic Equilibrium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 i CONTENTS ii 2.4 Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 2.5 Pressure Equation of State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 2.6 Some Thermodynamic Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 2.7 Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 2.8 The First Law of Thermodynamics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 2.9 Energy Equation of State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 2.10 Heat Capacities and Enthalpy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .....
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2011 for the course PHYS 123 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '07 term at UC Davis.

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stp_tableofcontents - Contents 1 From Microscopic to...

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